Knowledge, Access, and Use Characterists of Emergency Contraception in College Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158879
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Knowledge, Access, and Use Characterists of Emergency Contraception in College Women
Abstract:
Knowledge, Access, and Use Characterists of Emergency Contraception in College Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Lehan Mackin, Melissa, BSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Iowa
Contact Address:2042 N Ridge Drive, Coralville, IA, 52241, USA
Contact Telephone:319-341-8223
Co-Authors:M.A. Lehan Mackin, , University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;
The purpose of this study was to use to collect baseline data on knowledge, access, and use characteristics of emergency contraception (EC) in college women age 18-35 at a large Midwestern university. The survey was distributed electronically via census to approximately 15,000 women system with 2115 women completing the survey. Questions inquiring into sexual history found that 86.2 % (N=1808) had ever engaged in vaginal intercourse and of those 86% (N=1551) were using some type of birth control method. Despite the reported widespread use of birth control, of those women who were sexually active over one quarter reported at least one incident of unprotected intercourse and more than half reported prior history of a "false alarm." Knowledge of EC in this population was high as 94.2% (N=1980) knew that there was something a woman could do after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy and few had never heard of EC prior to taking the survey. Specific knowledge of EC such as awareness of the 72 hour window when it is most effective was identified by the majority women in the surveyed population. Use characteristics also appeared to be high with 32.5% (N=683) of women who had ever been sexually active reported taking EC. Access characteristics such as that EC could be obtained directly from a pharmacy was known by 72.7% (N=1525) of the women although fewer knew that they could obtain EC from the student health center or from the local emergency treatment centers. The high rates of knowledge suggest that information about EC's potential for pregnancy prevention and mechanism of action is reaching the majority of women in this age group in this particular setting. Despite this widespread general knowledge, myths such that EC can cause an abortion are still believed by a substantial number of women. Lack of awareness that college women could obtain EC from their own campus health center or the local emergency treatment centers suggests that complete knowledge of avenues of access could have a potential effect on use. Further analysis is needed to determine the extent of response bias and to further explore relationships of specific characteristics to knowledge levels, access, and use that are associated with EC.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleKnowledge, Access, and Use Characterists of Emergency Contraception in College Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158879-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Knowledge, Access, and Use Characterists of Emergency Contraception in College Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lehan Mackin, Melissa, BSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Iowa</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">2042 N Ridge Drive, Coralville, IA, 52241, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">319-341-8223</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">melissa-lehan@uiowa.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">M.A. Lehan Mackin, , University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study was to use to collect baseline data on knowledge, access, and use characteristics of emergency contraception (EC) in college women age 18-35 at a large Midwestern university. The survey was distributed electronically via census to approximately 15,000 women system with 2115 women completing the survey. Questions inquiring into sexual history found that 86.2 % (N=1808) had ever engaged in vaginal intercourse and of those 86% (N=1551) were using some type of birth control method. Despite the reported widespread use of birth control, of those women who were sexually active over one quarter reported at least one incident of unprotected intercourse and more than half reported prior history of a &quot;false alarm.&quot; Knowledge of EC in this population was high as 94.2% (N=1980) knew that there was something a woman could do after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy and few had never heard of EC prior to taking the survey. Specific knowledge of EC such as awareness of the 72 hour window when it is most effective was identified by the majority women in the surveyed population. Use characteristics also appeared to be high with 32.5% (N=683) of women who had ever been sexually active reported taking EC. Access characteristics such as that EC could be obtained directly from a pharmacy was known by 72.7% (N=1525) of the women although fewer knew that they could obtain EC from the student health center or from the local emergency treatment centers. The high rates of knowledge suggest that information about EC's potential for pregnancy prevention and mechanism of action is reaching the majority of women in this age group in this particular setting. Despite this widespread general knowledge, myths such that EC can cause an abortion are still believed by a substantial number of women. Lack of awareness that college women could obtain EC from their own campus health center or the local emergency treatment centers suggests that complete knowledge of avenues of access could have a potential effect on use. Further analysis is needed to determine the extent of response bias and to further explore relationships of specific characteristics to knowledge levels, access, and use that are associated with EC.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:29:09Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:29:09Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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