Depressive Symptoms among BSN Students in Four Countries: Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158906
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Depressive Symptoms among BSN Students in Four Countries: Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA
Abstract:
Depressive Symptoms among BSN Students in Four Countries: Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Ross, Ratchneewan
P.I. Institution Name:Kent State University
Title:College of Nursing
Contact Address:362 Henderson, Kent, OH, 44242, USA
Contact Telephone:3306728785
Co-Authors:R. Ross, C. Stopper, L. Chiang-Hanisko, Y. Hung, College of Nursing, Kent State University, Kent, OH; L. Wolf, School of Nursing, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH; P. Boonyanurak, Faculty of Nursing, Saint Louis College, Bangkok, THAILAND; T. Ta
Problem: Depressive symptoms are major concerns worldwide. No study has examined depressive symptoms of BSN students across countries. Examining depressive symptoms and their predictors among BSN students across countries can add new knowledge to the field and help faculty to create culturally appropriate interventions to prevent depressive symptoms in nursing students. Objectives: 1) To compare depressive symptoms in BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA; and 2) to examine predictors of depressive symptoms among BSN students in each country and all four countries combined. Methodology: A correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted. Samples included 182, 200, 156, and 209 BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA, respectively. Participants completed a questionnaire packet including four instruments: demographics; the Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale was used to measure depressive symptoms (alphas=.90-.91); Perceived Stress Questionnaire to measure stress (alphas=.89-.93); and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support to measure emotional support (alphas=.83-.92). Analysis: Frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, One-way ANOVAs, and simultaneous multiple regression were used. Findings: There were differences of depressive symptoms among BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA (F=49.49, p<.001). Nursing students from Thailand were the most depressed, followed by nursing students from Japan, Taiwan, and the USA. LSD post-hoc analysis showed that depressive symptoms of BSN students between all pairs of countries were different, except for those between Taiwan and the USA. Stress and emotional support were significant predictors of depressive symptoms in each country and the four countries combined. The whole model yielded 22.3% of the explained variance in depressive symptoms among all students in the whole sample (F=107.6, p<.001). Implications: Screening for depressive symptoms should be encouraged at least annually among BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA. To prevent/decrease depressive symptoms, interventions should include activities that can reduce stress and increase emotional support for BSN students.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDepressive Symptoms among BSN Students in Four Countries: Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USAen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158906-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Depressive Symptoms among BSN Students in Four Countries: Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ross, Ratchneewan</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kent State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">362 Henderson, Kent, OH, 44242, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">3306728785</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">rross1@kent.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">R. Ross, C. Stopper, L. Chiang-Hanisko, Y. Hung, College of Nursing, Kent State University, Kent, OH; L. Wolf, School of Nursing, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH; P. Boonyanurak, Faculty of Nursing, Saint Louis College, Bangkok, THAILAND; T. Ta</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Problem: Depressive symptoms are major concerns worldwide. No study has examined depressive symptoms of BSN students across countries. Examining depressive symptoms and their predictors among BSN students across countries can add new knowledge to the field and help faculty to create culturally appropriate interventions to prevent depressive symptoms in nursing students. Objectives: 1) To compare depressive symptoms in BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA; and 2) to examine predictors of depressive symptoms among BSN students in each country and all four countries combined. Methodology: A correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted. Samples included 182, 200, 156, and 209 BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA, respectively. Participants completed a questionnaire packet including four instruments: demographics; the Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale was used to measure depressive symptoms (alphas=.90-.91); Perceived Stress Questionnaire to measure stress (alphas=.89-.93); and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support to measure emotional support (alphas=.83-.92). Analysis: Frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, One-way ANOVAs, and simultaneous multiple regression were used. Findings: There were differences of depressive symptoms among BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA (F=49.49, p&lt;.001). Nursing students from Thailand were the most depressed, followed by nursing students from Japan, Taiwan, and the USA. LSD post-hoc analysis showed that depressive symptoms of BSN students between all pairs of countries were different, except for those between Taiwan and the USA. Stress and emotional support were significant predictors of depressive symptoms in each country and the four countries combined. The whole model yielded 22.3% of the explained variance in depressive symptoms among all students in the whole sample (F=107.6, p&lt;.001). Implications: Screening for depressive symptoms should be encouraged at least annually among BSN students in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and the USA. To prevent/decrease depressive symptoms, interventions should include activities that can reduce stress and increase emotional support for BSN students.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:30:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:30:45Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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