2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158916
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Measurement of Community Violence in Adolescent Mothers
Abstract:
Measurement of Community Violence in Adolescent Mothers
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Steinbrenner, Sheila
P.I. Institution Name:University of Louisville
Contact Address:2215 Fairland Ave, Louisville, KY, 40218, USA
Contact Telephone:502-553-9842
Co-Authors:S.Y. Steinbrenner, M.C. Logsdon, School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; W.M. Usui, Department of Sociology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY;
The prevalence of adolescents exposed to community violence is a serious public health concern. Adolescents exposed to community violence frequently experience psychological distress, behavioral problems, developmental disturbances, and difficulties with functioning. However, little is known about the nature of violence exposure and outcomes in adolescent mothers, a vulnerable population already at risk for adjustment and mood disorders. Psychometric properties of instruments should be established before use in a new population. Thus, the purpose of this descriptive, psychometric study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Survey of Exposure to Community Violence (SECV) instrument in adolescent mothers. The study was approved by the IRB of the university and each site, and informed consent was obtained by all adolescents and their guardians. Adolescent mothers were recruited from two community hospitals in an urban area of the southern United States. On average, the sample (n=85) was 16 years old (SD=1.10), in the 10th grade (SD=1.19), of low socioeconomic status, 51% Caucasian and 49% African American. The SECV instrument consists of 56 items which measured exposure to violence and is organized into victim and witness subscales. The internal consistency reliability was .75 (witness subscale) and .78 (victim subscale), however, validity of the victim subscale appears to be stronger. Exploratory factor analysis of the victim subscale resulted in six factors with factor 1 explaining 21% of the variance. To provide further evidence for construct validity, the victim subscale of the SECV was a strong predictor of depressive symptoms (beta = .45), both when stress was controlled (R2 = .26) and when stress was not included in the regression equation (R 2 = .24). The psychometric properties of the victim subscale of the SECV appears to have strong psychometric properties. Researchers should consider the SECV subscales as separate predictors in samples of adolescent mothers.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMeasurement of Community Violence in Adolescent Mothersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158916-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Measurement of Community Violence in Adolescent Mothers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Steinbrenner, Sheila</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Louisville</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">2215 Fairland Ave, Louisville, KY, 40218, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">502-553-9842</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">systei01@louisville.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">S.Y. Steinbrenner, M.C. Logsdon, School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; W.M. Usui, Department of Sociology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The prevalence of adolescents exposed to community violence is a serious public health concern. Adolescents exposed to community violence frequently experience psychological distress, behavioral problems, developmental disturbances, and difficulties with functioning. However, little is known about the nature of violence exposure and outcomes in adolescent mothers, a vulnerable population already at risk for adjustment and mood disorders. Psychometric properties of instruments should be established before use in a new population. Thus, the purpose of this descriptive, psychometric study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Survey of Exposure to Community Violence (SECV) instrument in adolescent mothers. The study was approved by the IRB of the university and each site, and informed consent was obtained by all adolescents and their guardians. Adolescent mothers were recruited from two community hospitals in an urban area of the southern United States. On average, the sample (n=85) was 16 years old (SD=1.10), in the 10th grade (SD=1.19), of low socioeconomic status, 51% Caucasian and 49% African American. The SECV instrument consists of 56 items which measured exposure to violence and is organized into victim and witness subscales. The internal consistency reliability was .75 (witness subscale) and .78 (victim subscale), however, validity of the victim subscale appears to be stronger. Exploratory factor analysis of the victim subscale resulted in six factors with factor 1 explaining 21% of the variance. To provide further evidence for construct validity, the victim subscale of the SECV was a strong predictor of depressive symptoms (beta = .45), both when stress was controlled (R2 = .26) and when stress was not included in the regression equation (R 2 = .24). The psychometric properties of the victim subscale of the SECV appears to have strong psychometric properties. Researchers should consider the SECV subscales as separate predictors in samples of adolescent mothers.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:31:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:31:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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