Adolescent Use of Performance Enhancing Substances: A Secondary Analysis of the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158921
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Adolescent Use of Performance Enhancing Substances: A Secondary Analysis of the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Abstract:
Adolescent Use of Performance Enhancing Substances: A Secondary Analysis of the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Thorlton, Janet, MS
P.I. Institution Name:University of Illinois
Title:Health Systems Science
Contact Address:3029 Golf Circle, Danville, IL, 61832, USA
Contact Telephone:217-431-0968
Co-Authors:J. Thorlton, B. McElmurry, C. Park, T. Hughes, M. Talashek, Health Systems Science, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL; S. McCabe, Substance Abuse Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI;
Background: Consumer use of performance enhancing substances (PES) is a multi-billion dollar industry, fueling public health concerns regarding use in adolescents hoping to enhance athletic performance, body appearance, or fight obesity. PES may also be used for military, sexual, and intellectual performance enhancement. PES consumption can be viewed as a healthy fitness endeavor. Healthcare providers tend to be less familiar with PES than other forms of substance abuse. PES adverse effects can include violent behavior, suicide attempts, and premature deaths. Prevalence of use can be difficult to ascertain due to secrecy issues and misinterpretation of survey questions. Purpose: A secondary analysis of 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data was conducted to better understand predictors of PES use. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework: Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) served as the organizing framework guiding the analysis. The study aim was to describe the association of personal, environmental, and behavioral factors on PES use (e.g., steroid pills/shots; methamphetamines; and diet pills, powders, liquids). Subjects: Adolescents participating in the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 14,041). Methods: SPSS version 17.0 Complex Samples module was used to examine descriptive statistics and relationships using bi-variate and logistic regression analyses of YRBS variables. Results: Personal, environmental, and behavioral factors were significantly associated with PES use. Feeling sad/hopeless, considering suicide, perceiving being overweight, being offered illegal drugs at school, being sexually active, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use were significantly associated (p < .05) with PES use for gender groups and specific geographic regions. The highest rates of PES use were reported in the South USA Region. Conclusions: Behaviors contributing to leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality are interrelated, continue into adulthood, and may be preventable. Health and school professionals must be familiar with adolescent PES use in order to adequately assess and address related physical, psychological, and social issues.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAdolescent Use of Performance Enhancing Substances: A Secondary Analysis of the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Surveyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158921-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Adolescent Use of Performance Enhancing Substances: A Secondary Analysis of the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Thorlton, Janet, MS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Illinois</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Health Systems Science</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">3029 Golf Circle, Danville, IL, 61832, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">217-431-0968</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jthorl1@uic.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">J. Thorlton, B. McElmurry, C. Park, T. Hughes, M. Talashek, Health Systems Science, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL; S. McCabe, Substance Abuse Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Consumer use of performance enhancing substances (PES) is a multi-billion dollar industry, fueling public health concerns regarding use in adolescents hoping to enhance athletic performance, body appearance, or fight obesity. PES may also be used for military, sexual, and intellectual performance enhancement. PES consumption can be viewed as a healthy fitness endeavor. Healthcare providers tend to be less familiar with PES than other forms of substance abuse. PES adverse effects can include violent behavior, suicide attempts, and premature deaths. Prevalence of use can be difficult to ascertain due to secrecy issues and misinterpretation of survey questions. Purpose: A secondary analysis of 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data was conducted to better understand predictors of PES use. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework: Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) served as the organizing framework guiding the analysis. The study aim was to describe the association of personal, environmental, and behavioral factors on PES use (e.g., steroid pills/shots; methamphetamines; and diet pills, powders, liquids). Subjects: Adolescents participating in the 2007 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 14,041). Methods: SPSS version 17.0 Complex Samples module was used to examine descriptive statistics and relationships using bi-variate and logistic regression analyses of YRBS variables. Results: Personal, environmental, and behavioral factors were significantly associated with PES use. Feeling sad/hopeless, considering suicide, perceiving being overweight, being offered illegal drugs at school, being sexually active, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use were significantly associated (p &lt; .05) with PES use for gender groups and specific geographic regions. The highest rates of PES use were reported in the South USA Region. Conclusions: Behaviors contributing to leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality are interrelated, continue into adulthood, and may be preventable. Health and school professionals must be familiar with adolescent PES use in order to adequately assess and address related physical, psychological, and social issues.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:31:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:31:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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