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|dc.title||Limitations of Survey Research in Understanding Health Disparities||en_GB|
|dc.description.abstract||<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Limitations of Survey Research in Understanding Health Disparities</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kelly, Patricia, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">UMKC</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">, Kansas City, MO, 64108, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">firstname.lastname@example.org</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Community-based participatory action research (CBPR) can have a significant impact on health disparities, by increasing understanding of problems and informing interventions. Familias en Accion, an NIH-funded intervention, is addressing violence, a major cause of health disparity for low-income communities. In our first year of funding, academic researchers paired with a local organization representing parents, school officials and community leaders to conduct a baseline community survey. Methods: A survey of 228 randomly selected households in a Hispanic school district was conducted to determine baseline attitudes about violence. Interviewers were 23 community members who received 12 hours of training in IRB protections and survey collection methods. Interviewers provided field notes, oral feedback and photographs of their work. We compared statistical analysis of the survey data with a qualitative analysis of this material. Findings: In the initial analysis, key differences between the quantitative and qualitative analysis were present in 3 areas: substance abuse problems, gun ownership, and community self-efficacy. For example, 7 respondents (3.1%) acknowledged alcohol, and 5 (2.2%) acknowledged substance abuse as a serious problem in their families, the qualitative data provided by the interviewers and their field notes about the environment revealed at least twice as many respondents' families had these problems. Conclusion: In this CBPR project, information provided by community interviewers provided a richer picture of the problems faced by the community than the results of the quantitative analysis alone, which was particularly apparent in several key areas. Survey data, even when collected by carefully trained data collectors from the community, is subject to bias arising from the unwillingness of people to share potentially embarrassing information, and thus have minimal validity. Triangulation of both quantitative and qualitative data may be necessary for researchers to accurately understand community attitudes and also to correctly assess the impact of health disparities interventions.</td></tr></table>||en_GB|
|dc.description.sponsorship||Midwest Nursing Research Society||en_GB|
|Appears in Collections: ||MNRS - Midwest Nursing Research Society|
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