Adult Medical-Surgical Patients' Perceptions of Needed and Received Discharge Teaching Content

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158971
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Adult Medical-Surgical Patients' Perceptions of Needed and Received Discharge Teaching Content
Abstract:
Adult Medical-Surgical Patients' Perceptions of Needed and Received Discharge Teaching Content
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Maloney, Lynn, RN, BSN, MSN
P.I. Institution Name:Marquette University
Contact Address:College of Nursing, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-1881, USA
Co-Authors:M.E. Weiss, College of Nursing, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
Background and Significance: Previous researchers have found that patients are being discharged from the hospital with unmet informational needs. Further research is needed to ensure patients' information needs are met, from their perspective and that they are adequately prepared for discharge. Purpose: The purpose of this secondary analysis study was to identify whether there were differences in discharge informational content needed and received based on specific patient characteristics in a diverse adult medical-surgical population. Conceptual Framework: Meleis' transitions theory provided the theoretical framework for the study phenomena. Sample: A convenience sample of 115 adult medical-surgical participants hospitalized at an urban Midwestern hospital was included in the study. Method: A descriptive and comparative, cross-sectional design study was conducted using the content subscales from the Quality of Discharge Teaching Scale (QDTS). This instrument measures patients' perceptions of the amount of informational content needed and received in preparation for discharge. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance and t-tests were used to compare the amount of discharge information needed and received by the following patient characteristics: race, education, age, gender and living status. Results: One-way ANOVA for race was significant, F(1,111) = 9.6, p = .002; Non-White patients (M = 32.1, SD =14.9) needed more information than White patients (M = 22.9, SD = 15.4). There were no significant differences in discharge teaching content needed by age, education, gender, and living status. No differences were found in the amount of discharge teaching content received by patients based upon any of the characteristics tested. The amount of discharge teaching received was consistent across all patient groupings and exceeded content needed by 64%. Only 9.6% of patients received less content than their reported need. Implications: In a diverse medical-surgical population, standard protocols and formats for discharge teaching may provide for the delivery of discharge teaching content in excess of need for the majority of patients but may not address individual needs for some patients.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAdult Medical-Surgical Patients' Perceptions of Needed and Received Discharge Teaching Contenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158971-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Adult Medical-Surgical Patients' Perceptions of Needed and Received Discharge Teaching Content</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Maloney, Lynn, RN, BSN, MSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Marquette University</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-1881, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Lynn.maloney@marquette.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">M.E. Weiss, College of Nursing, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background and Significance: Previous researchers have found that patients are being discharged from the hospital with unmet informational needs. Further research is needed to ensure patients' information needs are met, from their perspective and that they are adequately prepared for discharge. Purpose: The purpose of this secondary analysis study was to identify whether there were differences in discharge informational content needed and received based on specific patient characteristics in a diverse adult medical-surgical population. Conceptual Framework: Meleis' transitions theory provided the theoretical framework for the study phenomena. Sample: A convenience sample of 115 adult medical-surgical participants hospitalized at an urban Midwestern hospital was included in the study. Method: A descriptive and comparative, cross-sectional design study was conducted using the content subscales from the Quality of Discharge Teaching Scale (QDTS). This instrument measures patients' perceptions of the amount of informational content needed and received in preparation for discharge. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance and t-tests were used to compare the amount of discharge information needed and received by the following patient characteristics: race, education, age, gender and living status. Results: One-way ANOVA for race was significant, F(1,111) = 9.6, p = .002; Non-White patients (M = 32.1, SD =14.9) needed more information than White patients (M = 22.9, SD = 15.4). There were no significant differences in discharge teaching content needed by age, education, gender, and living status. No differences were found in the amount of discharge teaching content received by patients based upon any of the characteristics tested. The amount of discharge teaching received was consistent across all patient groupings and exceeded content needed by 64%. Only 9.6% of patients received less content than their reported need. Implications: In a diverse medical-surgical population, standard protocols and formats for discharge teaching may provide for the delivery of discharge teaching content in excess of need for the majority of patients but may not address individual needs for some patients.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:34:36Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:34:36Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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