Infant Feeding Plans Among Pregnant Adolescents: Comparison of Three Ethnic/Racial Groups

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/158982
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Infant Feeding Plans Among Pregnant Adolescents: Comparison of Three Ethnic/Racial Groups
Abstract:
Infant Feeding Plans Among Pregnant Adolescents: Comparison of Three Ethnic/Racial Groups
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Rojjanasrirat, Wilaiporn, PhD., RNC
P.I. Institution Name:University of Kansas
Contact Address:, Olathe, KS, 66062, USA
Co-Authors:K. Wambach, School of Nursing, University of Kansas, Kansas City, KS
Objective: To explore differences in pregnant adolescents' infant feeding plans and factors influencing those choices among three ethnic groups: African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic. Methods: A descriptive, comparative analysis of data from 283 pregnant adolescents between 15 and 18 years of age was conducted in the Midwestern U.S. The data are part of a larger clinical trial to promote and support breastfeeding in teens. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) guided the selection of variables. Data were obtained using self-report questionnaires during 14-27 weeks gestation. Chi-square and analysis of variance were used to examine sociodemographic factors, infant feeding plans and selected TPB variables. Results: The plan to breastfeed was strongest in Hispanic pregnant teens compared to other ethnic groups, F (2, 273) = 5.76, P = .004. Hispanic teens were significantly more likely than other ethnic groups to receive encouragement to breastfeed from baby's father, their own mother, and close female friend. More positive breastfeeding sentiment was also found in Hispanic compared to the African American teens. When assessing the TPB variables across the different feeding plans significant differences were found in breastfeeding knowledge, breastfeeding control, positive and negative breastfeeding sentiments, and subjective norms. Conclusion: Attitudinal factors and support systems influence adolescents' infant feeding plans and vary by ethnic/racial group. Health care providers need to understand cultural differences when promoting and supporting breastfeeding among pregnant adolescents. Intervention strategies to improve breastfeeding initiation and duration should include family members or close friends since they are an integral part of adolescents' decision.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInfant Feeding Plans Among Pregnant Adolescents: Comparison of Three Ethnic/Racial Groupsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/158982-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Infant Feeding Plans Among Pregnant Adolescents: Comparison of Three Ethnic/Racial Groups</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Rojjanasrirat, Wilaiporn, PhD., RNC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Kansas</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">, Olathe, KS, 66062, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">wrojjanasrirat@kumc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">K. Wambach, School of Nursing, University of Kansas, Kansas City, KS</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To explore differences in pregnant adolescents' infant feeding plans and factors influencing those choices among three ethnic groups: African American, Caucasian, and Hispanic. Methods: A descriptive, comparative analysis of data from 283 pregnant adolescents between 15 and 18 years of age was conducted in the Midwestern U.S. The data are part of a larger clinical trial to promote and support breastfeeding in teens. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) guided the selection of variables. Data were obtained using self-report questionnaires during 14-27 weeks gestation. Chi-square and analysis of variance were used to examine sociodemographic factors, infant feeding plans and selected TPB variables. Results: The plan to breastfeed was strongest in Hispanic pregnant teens compared to other ethnic groups, F (2, 273) = 5.76, P = .004. Hispanic teens were significantly more likely than other ethnic groups to receive encouragement to breastfeed from baby's father, their own mother, and close female friend. More positive breastfeeding sentiment was also found in Hispanic compared to the African American teens. When assessing the TPB variables across the different feeding plans significant differences were found in breastfeeding knowledge, breastfeeding control, positive and negative breastfeeding sentiments, and subjective norms. Conclusion: Attitudinal factors and support systems influence adolescents' infant feeding plans and vary by ethnic/racial group. Health care providers need to understand cultural differences when promoting and supporting breastfeeding among pregnant adolescents. Intervention strategies to improve breastfeeding initiation and duration should include family members or close friends since they are an integral part of adolescents' decision.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:35:14Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:35:14Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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