2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159020
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Measuring HIV Risk Avoidance in Sub-Saharan Preadolescents
Abstract:
Measuring HIV Risk Avoidance in Sub-Saharan Preadolescents
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Enah, Comfort, PhD, MSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Cincinnati
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Nursing Research Division, 3110 Vine Street, Cincinnati, OH, 45221, USA
Contact Telephone:513-558 5236
Co-Authors:Marilyn S. Sommers, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome poses a major health threat to the youth of Sub-Saharan Africa. While this region has only 10% of the world's population, it accounts for more that 50 % of the world's HIV infected people. At present little is known about the use of risk avoidance behaviors in this region. Accurate instruments could ensure that preventative interventions are appropriately designed and targeted. This study represents a second step in assessing the reliability and validity of two population-specific HIV risk avoidance instruments: Sexual Abstinence Behavior Skills Scale (SABSS) and the Intention to Postpone Sexual Activity Scale (IPSAS) which are both derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior. These tools were developed with the assistance of a panel of Cameroonian experts and revisions were made based on a content validity index. In a preliminary evaluation of the revised tools among 60 preadolescent Cameroonian females, the IPSA had a high degree of reliability with a Cronbach's alpha of .98 and a high degree of validity, with all items loading on one factor. The SABSS had a Cronbach's alpha of .67 and in the factor analysis; there were two item loadings instead of one. In this study, the two tools; the revised SABSS; Norris, Clark & Magnus's (2003) Sexual Abstinence Behavior Scale; and a Perceived Negative Consequences of Early Sexual Activity Scale will be distributed to 300 preadolescent students in Cameroon. One week following the first data collection, the tools will be administered to 50 randomly selected member of the original sample. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability, convergence validity, and confirmatory factor analysis will be examined. Based on the findings, the instrument will be used in their present or modified format to assess the effectiveness of a large intervention study among preadolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Poster Presentation]
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMeasuring HIV Risk Avoidance in Sub-Saharan Preadolescentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159020-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Measuring HIV Risk Avoidance in Sub-Saharan Preadolescents</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Enah, Comfort, PhD, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Cincinnati</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Nursing Research Division, 3110 Vine Street, Cincinnati, OH, 45221, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">513-558 5236</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Enahcc@uc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marilyn S. Sommers, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Acquired immune deficiency syndrome poses a major health threat to the youth of Sub-Saharan Africa. While this region has only 10% of the world's population, it accounts for more that 50 % of the world's HIV infected people. At present little is known about the use of risk avoidance behaviors in this region. Accurate instruments could ensure that preventative interventions are appropriately designed and targeted. This study represents a second step in assessing the reliability and validity of two population-specific HIV risk avoidance instruments: Sexual Abstinence Behavior Skills Scale (SABSS) and the Intention to Postpone Sexual Activity Scale (IPSAS) which are both derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior. These tools were developed with the assistance of a panel of Cameroonian experts and revisions were made based on a content validity index. In a preliminary evaluation of the revised tools among 60 preadolescent Cameroonian females, the IPSA had a high degree of reliability with a Cronbach's alpha of .98 and a high degree of validity, with all items loading on one factor. The SABSS had a Cronbach's alpha of .67 and in the factor analysis; there were two item loadings instead of one. In this study, the two tools; the revised SABSS; Norris, Clark &amp; Magnus's (2003) Sexual Abstinence Behavior Scale; and a Perceived Negative Consequences of Early Sexual Activity Scale will be distributed to 300 preadolescent students in Cameroon. One week following the first data collection, the tools will be administered to 50 randomly selected member of the original sample. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability, convergence validity, and confirmatory factor analysis will be examined. Based on the findings, the instrument will be used in their present or modified format to assess the effectiveness of a large intervention study among preadolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Poster Presentation]</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:37:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:37:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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