Cross Validation of An Explanatory Model of Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Persons with Chronic Disabling Conditions

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159074
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Cross Validation of An Explanatory Model of Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Persons with Chronic Disabling Conditions
Abstract:
Cross Validation of An Explanatory Model of Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Persons with Chronic Disabling Conditions
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Stuifbergen, Alexa, PhD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Texas-Austin
Title:Professor
Contact Address:School of Nursing, 1700 Red River, Austin, TX, 78701, USA
Contact Telephone:512-232-4764
An accumulating body of research suggests that health-promoting behaviors may mediate the negative effects of impairment on quality of life for persons with chronic disabling conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine if an explanatory model of health promotion and quality of life developed and refined in earlier studies was invariant across persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and post-polio syndrome (PPS). This model proposes that quality of life among persons with chronic disabling conditions is the result of the direct and indirect influences of contextual, attitudinal and behavioral factors. A sample of 786 persons with MS (630 females, 156 males; mean age 47) and a sample of 1603 persons with PPS (1123 females, 475 males; mean age 62) completed an instrument battery including measures of functional limitations, barriers to health- promoting behaviors, resources, self-efficacy, acceptance, health promoting behaviors and perceived quality of life. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate the comparability of the path models for the two different populations (PPS and MS) at four different levels of equivalence. At Level One, the comparability of the overall pattern of path coefficients in the models was examined. Levels 2-4 tested the comparability (magnitude and direction) of individual path coefficients across groups. Goodness-of-fit statistics indicated that three of the four levels of model comparisons showed adequate fit and suggested the models for the PPS and MS groups are equivalent in terms of all paths and error variances. This evidence suggests that, at least minimally, the proposed model generalizes across two important chronic conditions: MS and PPS. This study supports the assumption that commonalities may exist in the strategies persons with various conditions use to promote their health and quality of life. Acknowledgment: This project was supported by Grant R01NRO3195, National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH. [Poster Presentation]
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCross Validation of An Explanatory Model of Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Persons with Chronic Disabling Conditionsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159074-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Cross Validation of An Explanatory Model of Health Promotion and Quality of Life in Persons with Chronic Disabling Conditions</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Stuifbergen, Alexa, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Texas-Austin</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, 1700 Red River, Austin, TX, 78701, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">512-232-4764</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">astuifbergen@mail.utexas.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">An accumulating body of research suggests that health-promoting behaviors may mediate the negative effects of impairment on quality of life for persons with chronic disabling conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine if an explanatory model of health promotion and quality of life developed and refined in earlier studies was invariant across persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and post-polio syndrome (PPS). This model proposes that quality of life among persons with chronic disabling conditions is the result of the direct and indirect influences of contextual, attitudinal and behavioral factors. A sample of 786 persons with MS (630 females, 156 males; mean age 47) and a sample of 1603 persons with PPS (1123 females, 475 males; mean age 62) completed an instrument battery including measures of functional limitations, barriers to health- promoting behaviors, resources, self-efficacy, acceptance, health promoting behaviors and perceived quality of life. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate the comparability of the path models for the two different populations (PPS and MS) at four different levels of equivalence. At Level One, the comparability of the overall pattern of path coefficients in the models was examined. Levels 2-4 tested the comparability (magnitude and direction) of individual path coefficients across groups. Goodness-of-fit statistics indicated that three of the four levels of model comparisons showed adequate fit and suggested the models for the PPS and MS groups are equivalent in terms of all paths and error variances. This evidence suggests that, at least minimally, the proposed model generalizes across two important chronic conditions: MS and PPS. This study supports the assumption that commonalities may exist in the strategies persons with various conditions use to promote their health and quality of life. Acknowledgment: This project was supported by Grant R01NRO3195, National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH. [Poster Presentation]</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:40:41Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:40:41Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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