Women Report More Symptoms But Have Greater Improvements in Functioning over the first Three Months after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159135
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Women Report More Symptoms But Have Greater Improvements in Functioning over the first Three Months after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Abstract:
Women Report More Symptoms But Have Greater Improvements in Functioning over the first Three Months after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Nieveen, Janet, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Nebraska Medical Center
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, PO Box 880620, Lincoln, NE, 68588-0620, USA
Contact Telephone:402-472-7337
Co-Authors:Lani Zimmerman, PhD, RN, Professor and Susan Barnason, PhD, RN, Associate Professor
The purpose of this study was to compare men and women on symptoms and
functioning outcomes over the first three months after percutaneous
coronary intervention (PCI). The Conceptual Model of Symptom Management
provided the framework. Symptoms and outcomes such as functioning have
been found to differ by gender in other cardiac populations. This study
used a descriptive comparative repeated measures design, with four data
collection time points of baseline (face-to-face prior to discharge), and
3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 3 months (telephone follow-up calls). The sample
consisted of 18 men and 14 women post-PCI. Selected symptoms from the
Cardiac Symptom Survey were used (angina, shortness of breath, fatigue,
problems sleeping, depression, and anxiety). Functioning was measured
using the Medical Outcomes Study SF-36 Acute Version 2 (Physical,
Role-physical, Vitality, Role-emotional, Social, and Mental subscales).
Repeated measures ANOVA indicated that there were no significant
differences between men and women on angina (p > .05). However, women
reported significantly (p < .05) more shortness of breath, fatigue,
problems sleeping, depression, and anxiety than men regardless of time
point. Regarding functioning, women had overall lower scores than men.
However, women had much greater amounts of improvement over the three
months for five of the six functioning subscales (Role-physical, Vitality,
Role-emotional, Social, and Mental). Conclusions to be drawn are that
symptom scores were not related to functioning improvements in this
sample. More research needs to be done to analyze the relationship between
the reporting of symptoms and other outcomes over time in the PCI
population, especially regarding women.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWomen Report More Symptoms But Have Greater Improvements in Functioning over the first Three Months after Percutaneous Coronary Interventionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159135-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Women Report More Symptoms But Have Greater Improvements in Functioning over the first Three Months after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Nieveen, Janet, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Nebraska Medical Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, PO Box 880620, Lincoln, NE, 68588-0620, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">402-472-7337</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jlnievee@unmc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Lani Zimmerman, PhD, RN, Professor and Susan Barnason, PhD, RN, Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study was to compare men and women on symptoms and <br/> functioning outcomes over the first three months after percutaneous <br/> coronary intervention (PCI). The Conceptual Model of Symptom Management <br/> provided the framework. Symptoms and outcomes such as functioning have <br/> been found to differ by gender in other cardiac populations. This study <br/> used a descriptive comparative repeated measures design, with four data <br/> collection time points of baseline (face-to-face prior to discharge), and <br/> 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 3 months (telephone follow-up calls). The sample <br/> consisted of 18 men and 14 women post-PCI. Selected symptoms from the <br/> Cardiac Symptom Survey were used (angina, shortness of breath, fatigue, <br/> problems sleeping, depression, and anxiety). Functioning was measured <br/> using the Medical Outcomes Study SF-36 Acute Version 2 (Physical, <br/> Role-physical, Vitality, Role-emotional, Social, and Mental subscales). <br/> Repeated measures ANOVA indicated that there were no significant <br/> differences between men and women on angina (p &gt; .05). However, women <br/> reported significantly (p &lt; .05) more shortness of breath, fatigue, <br/> problems sleeping, depression, and anxiety than men regardless of time <br/> point. Regarding functioning, women had overall lower scores than men. <br/> However, women had much greater amounts of improvement over the three <br/> months for five of the six functioning subscales (Role-physical, Vitality, <br/> Role-emotional, Social, and Mental). Conclusions to be drawn are that <br/> symptom scores were not related to functioning improvements in this <br/> sample. More research needs to be done to analyze the relationship between <br/> the reporting of symptoms and other outcomes over time in the PCI <br/> population, especially regarding women.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:44:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:44:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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