2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159227
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Stress and Health in Spouses of Cancer Patients
Abstract:
Stress and Health in Spouses of Cancer Patients
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Hunt, Chantal, MS, RN
Contact Address:CON, 1585 Neil Ave, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA
Co-Authors:Carol Kennedy, PhD, RN, Professor; Nancy Ryan-Wenger, PhD, CPNP, Professor
To characterize perceived and physiologic stress and health in spousal cancer caregivers and to examine relationships among these and selected mediating and contextual variables. Theoretical framework: The framework for this study combines aspects of the Transactional Model of Stress, Appraisal, and Coping with Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). Subjects: The sample consists of spouses of patients diagnosed with cancer in the past year currently undergoing cancer treatment. Power analysis indicated that 35 subjects would be sufficient to obtain a power of .80 with an alpha level of 0.05 assuming a medium effect size. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design is used to characterize relationships among contextual variables (gender, family developmental stage) mediating variables (perceived stress, social support, coping, caregiver esteem), and caregiver outcomes (perceived health, saliva cortisol, saliva IgA). In addition to completing 5 questionnaires, subjects collect a total of 6 saliva samples over 2 consecutive days for analysis of saliva cortisol and IgA. Results: Completed questionnaires are available for 11 subjects. Male caregivers reported poorer health, lower positive esteem from caregiving, and a greater lack of family support than did females. Subjects with younger families had higher esteem, health, and family support scores than those with older dependent children. Positive reappraisal was used more often by female caregivers. Caregivers who perceived a lack of family support and those with higher perceived stress had poorer health scores. Upon completion of data collection, it is expected that gender and family developmental stage will explain a significant proportion of the variance in the dependent variables (health, saliva cortisol, saliva IgA) and that some of these relationships will be mediated by perceived stress, lack of family support, coping, and caregiver esteem. This information is critical to the development of programs that prepare spouses for coping with caregiving.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStress and Health in Spouses of Cancer Patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159227-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Stress and Health in Spouses of Cancer Patients </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hunt, Chantal, MS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">CON, 1585 Neil Ave, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Carol Kennedy, PhD, RN, Professor; Nancy Ryan-Wenger, PhD, CPNP, Professor </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">To characterize perceived and physiologic stress and health in spousal cancer caregivers and to examine relationships among these and selected mediating and contextual variables. Theoretical framework: The framework for this study combines aspects of the Transactional Model of Stress, Appraisal, and Coping with Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). Subjects: The sample consists of spouses of patients diagnosed with cancer in the past year currently undergoing cancer treatment. Power analysis indicated that 35 subjects would be sufficient to obtain a power of .80 with an alpha level of 0.05 assuming a medium effect size. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design is used to characterize relationships among contextual variables (gender, family developmental stage) mediating variables (perceived stress, social support, coping, caregiver esteem), and caregiver outcomes (perceived health, saliva cortisol, saliva IgA). In addition to completing 5 questionnaires, subjects collect a total of 6 saliva samples over 2 consecutive days for analysis of saliva cortisol and IgA. Results: Completed questionnaires are available for 11 subjects. Male caregivers reported poorer health, lower positive esteem from caregiving, and a greater lack of family support than did females. Subjects with younger families had higher esteem, health, and family support scores than those with older dependent children. Positive reappraisal was used more often by female caregivers. Caregivers who perceived a lack of family support and those with higher perceived stress had poorer health scores. Upon completion of data collection, it is expected that gender and family developmental stage will explain a significant proportion of the variance in the dependent variables (health, saliva cortisol, saliva IgA) and that some of these relationships will be mediated by perceived stress, lack of family support, coping, and caregiver esteem. This information is critical to the development of programs that prepare spouses for coping with caregiving.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:49:24Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:49:24Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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