2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159246
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Childhood Maltreatment and Mental and Physical Health in Haitian Adults
Abstract:
Childhood Maltreatment and Mental and Physical Health in Haitian Adults
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Martsolf, Donna, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Kent State University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:CON, 347 Henderson Hall, Kent, OH, 44242, USA
Childhood maltreatment and resulting mental and physical health problems in adulthood have been widely explored and reported in American studies. Depression and interpersonal violence including childhood maltreatment are considered to be significant public health problems worldwide. However, these variables have not been widely explored in Haiti. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of childhood maltreatment and its relationship to depression, general physical health, and quality of life in Haitian adults. The Risky Families theoretical model(Repetti, Taylor, & Seeman, 2002)was used to design this descriptive exploratory study. The sample consisted of 258 adults who were seeking primary care in a hospital-based medical clinic in a medium-sized city in Haiti. Participants completed Creole versions of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Centers for Epidemiologic Study - Depression Scale, Cohen-Hoberman Inventory of Physical Symptoms, and Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, zero order correlation, multiple regression and ANOVA. Sixty percent of the women and 85.7% of the men reported at least one type of abuse or neglect at the moderate or severe level. In the total sample 53.9% had scores indicative of major depression. Depression and physical symptoms were significantly and positively predicted by emotional abuse and physical abuse. Males were significantly more depressed and reported more childhood abuse and neglect than females. Findings of this study extend current knowledge in the area of childhood maltreatment and physical and mental health in adults living in a developing country. Continued study in other developing countries and ethnic and cultural groups is warranted.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChildhood Maltreatment and Mental and Physical Health in Haitian Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159246-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Childhood Maltreatment and Mental and Physical Health in Haitian Adults </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Martsolf, Donna, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kent State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">CON, 347 Henderson Hall, Kent, OH, 44242, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Childhood maltreatment and resulting mental and physical health problems in adulthood have been widely explored and reported in American studies. Depression and interpersonal violence including childhood maltreatment are considered to be significant public health problems worldwide. However, these variables have not been widely explored in Haiti. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of childhood maltreatment and its relationship to depression, general physical health, and quality of life in Haitian adults. The Risky Families theoretical model(Repetti, Taylor, &amp; Seeman, 2002)was used to design this descriptive exploratory study. The sample consisted of 258 adults who were seeking primary care in a hospital-based medical clinic in a medium-sized city in Haiti. Participants completed Creole versions of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Centers for Epidemiologic Study - Depression Scale, Cohen-Hoberman Inventory of Physical Symptoms, and Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, zero order correlation, multiple regression and ANOVA. Sixty percent of the women and 85.7% of the men reported at least one type of abuse or neglect at the moderate or severe level. In the total sample 53.9% had scores indicative of major depression. Depression and physical symptoms were significantly and positively predicted by emotional abuse and physical abuse. Males were significantly more depressed and reported more childhood abuse and neglect than females. Findings of this study extend current knowledge in the area of childhood maltreatment and physical and mental health in adults living in a developing country. Continued study in other developing countries and ethnic and cultural groups is warranted. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:50:25Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:50:25Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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