2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159278
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Sexual Assault and Injury in Older Black and White Women
Abstract:
Sexual Assault and Injury in Older Black and White Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Sommers, Marilyn, PhD, RN, FAAN
Title:Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing - ML 0038, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0038, USA
Co-Authors:Therese Zink, MD, Associate Professor; Rachal Beekman, RN, BSN, Doctoral Student; Jamison Fargo, Doctoral Student; John Schafer, PhD, Associate Professor
Approximately 1/3 of injured sexual assault victims receive some type of medical treatment. Several investigators have found that older women sustain higher rates of genital injury caused by rape than younger women, but the rates of non-genital injury vary. Purpose: To determine rates of genital and non-genital injury in black and white women older than 49 years as compared to their younger counterparts. Theoretical Framework: Physiologic theory suggests that postmenopausal and elderly women are at higher risk for injury after sexual assault than are younger women because of changes that occur with aging. Subjects: All women examined by a Midwestern sexual assault program from May 1998 through June of 2002 were included in a registry data base, which was approved by the university institutional review board. Method: A sample of >=50 year old female victims of sexual assault from the registry was matched to two younger assault victim groups by date of exam (<=40 yrs; 40-49 yrs) (N=120). Results: Half (50%) of the women were white and 50% were black. A weapon was used in 28.4% of cases. Exact conditional multivariate logistic regression was performed to assess prediction of several types of injury where race, age, weapon use, and time between assault and exam were entered as covariates. Whites were more likely to have internal (OR=9.91, p<.05) and external (OR=1.89, p<.05) genital injuries. Head injury was associated with weapon use (OR=5.38) and a shorter assault to exam interval (OR=0.95) (both p<.05). Older age approached significance as a predictor of internal genital injury (p=.07). Conclusions: Although older women did not have significantly more genital injuries than younger women, there were different injury rates based on the women’s race. Whether these findings result from differences in injury rates or differences in examination practices needs further investigation. Funded by NINR (R01NR05352).
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSexual Assault and Injury in Older Black and White Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159278-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Sexual Assault and Injury in Older Black and White Women </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sommers, Marilyn, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing - ML 0038, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0038, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Therese Zink, MD, Associate Professor; Rachal Beekman, RN, BSN, Doctoral Student; Jamison Fargo, Doctoral Student; John Schafer, PhD, Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Approximately 1/3 of injured sexual assault victims receive some type of medical treatment. Several investigators have found that older women sustain higher rates of genital injury caused by rape than younger women, but the rates of non-genital injury vary. Purpose: To determine rates of genital and non-genital injury in black and white women older than 49 years as compared to their younger counterparts. Theoretical Framework: Physiologic theory suggests that postmenopausal and elderly women are at higher risk for injury after sexual assault than are younger women because of changes that occur with aging. Subjects: All women examined by a Midwestern sexual assault program from May 1998 through June of 2002 were included in a registry data base, which was approved by the university institutional review board. Method: A sample of &gt;=50 year old female victims of sexual assault from the registry was matched to two younger assault victim groups by date of exam (&lt;=40 yrs; 40-49 yrs) (N=120). Results: Half (50%) of the women were white and 50% were black. A weapon was used in 28.4% of cases. Exact conditional multivariate logistic regression was performed to assess prediction of several types of injury where race, age, weapon use, and time between assault and exam were entered as covariates. Whites were more likely to have internal (OR=9.91, p&lt;.05) and external (OR=1.89, p&lt;.05) genital injuries. Head injury was associated with weapon use (OR=5.38) and a shorter assault to exam interval (OR=0.95) (both p&lt;.05). Older age approached significance as a predictor of internal genital injury (p=.07). Conclusions: Although older women did not have significantly more genital injuries than younger women, there were different injury rates based on the women&rsquo;s race. Whether these findings result from differences in injury rates or differences in examination practices needs further investigation. Funded by NINR (R01NR05352). </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:52:08Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:52:08Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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