2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159310
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender Differences Leading to Depressive Symptomatology in AD Spousal Caregivers
Abstract:
Gender Differences Leading to Depressive Symptomatology in AD Spousal Caregivers
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Beeson, Rose, DNSc, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Akron
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, 209 Carroll Street, Akron, OH, 44325-3701, USA
Contact Telephone:330-972-8332
Research has consistently found that adverse effects on the mental
health of AD caregiving spouses, especially in the form of depressive
symptomatology (DS), has been much higher than other caregiver groups or
age related population norms, with higher levels reported by female
caregivers. To improve the mental health of AD caregivers, nurses must
first understand the complexities and gender differences that lead to DS.
Data from a sample of 102 AD spousal caregivers enrolled at a mid-west AD
Research Center were analyzed to examine the relationship between gender
and DS and the relationship each had with the following selected
variables: expressive support, satisfaction with social activities,
relational deprivation, sense of self and loneliness. The conceptual
framework was based on Pearlin, Mullan, Semple and Skaff's (1990)
Caregiver Stress Process Model. For wives, higher levels of DS were
associated with lower levels of satisfaction with social activities
(r=-.64, p < .01), sense of self (r=-.59, p < .01), and expressive support
(r=-.26, p < .05),and higher levels of loneliness (r=.60, p < .01) and
relational deprivation (r=.50, p < .01). For husbands, higher levels of DS
were associated with lower levels of sense of self (r=-.65, p < .01), and
satisfaction with social activities (r=-.64, p < .01), and higher levels
of loneliness (r=.64, p < .01) and relational deprivation (r=.39, p <
.05). Utilizing stepwise regression, 61% of the total variance of wife
caregivers' DS was explained, with satisfaction with social activities
explaining 40%, sense of self 16%, and loneliness was 5%. Husband
caregivers' total variance was 52%, with sense of self explaining 41% and
loneliness 11%. Nurses must assess, educate and intervene to specifically
help AD caregiving husbands and wives maintain optimal mental health
during the caregiving process.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender Differences Leading to Depressive Symptomatology in AD Spousal Caregiversen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159310-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender Differences Leading to Depressive Symptomatology in AD Spousal Caregivers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Beeson, Rose, DNSc, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Akron</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, 209 Carroll Street, Akron, OH, 44325-3701, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">330-972-8332</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">beeson@uakron.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Research has consistently found that adverse effects on the mental <br/> health of AD caregiving spouses, especially in the form of depressive <br/> symptomatology (DS), has been much higher than other caregiver groups or <br/> age related population norms, with higher levels reported by female <br/> caregivers. To improve the mental health of AD caregivers, nurses must <br/> first understand the complexities and gender differences that lead to DS. <br/> Data from a sample of 102 AD spousal caregivers enrolled at a mid-west AD <br/> Research Center were analyzed to examine the relationship between gender <br/> and DS and the relationship each had with the following selected <br/> variables: expressive support, satisfaction with social activities, <br/> relational deprivation, sense of self and loneliness. The conceptual <br/> framework was based on Pearlin, Mullan, Semple and Skaff's (1990) <br/> Caregiver Stress Process Model. For wives, higher levels of DS were <br/> associated with lower levels of satisfaction with social activities <br/> (r=-.64, p &lt; .01), sense of self (r=-.59, p &lt; .01), and expressive support <br/> (r=-.26, p &lt; .05),and higher levels of loneliness (r=.60, p &lt; .01) and <br/> relational deprivation (r=.50, p &lt; .01). For husbands, higher levels of DS <br/> were associated with lower levels of sense of self (r=-.65, p &lt; .01), and <br/> satisfaction with social activities (r=-.64, p &lt; .01), and higher levels <br/> of loneliness (r=.64, p &lt; .01) and relational deprivation (r=.39, p &lt; <br/> .05). Utilizing stepwise regression, 61% of the total variance of wife <br/> caregivers' DS was explained, with satisfaction with social activities <br/> explaining 40%, sense of self 16%, and loneliness was 5%. Husband <br/> caregivers' total variance was 52%, with sense of self explaining 41% and <br/> loneliness 11%. Nurses must assess, educate and intervene to specifically <br/> help AD caregiving husbands and wives maintain optimal mental health <br/> during the caregiving process.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:53:51Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:53:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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