Increasing Behavior Skills and Intentions to Postpone Sexual Activity In Cameroonian Preadolescent Students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159338
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Increasing Behavior Skills and Intentions to Postpone Sexual Activity In Cameroonian Preadolescent Students
Abstract:
Increasing Behavior Skills and Intentions to Postpone Sexual Activity In Cameroonian Preadolescent Students
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Enah, Comfort, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Cincinnati
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Nursing Research Division, 3110 Vine Street, Cincinnati, OH, 45221, USA
Contact Telephone:513-558 5236
Co-Authors:Marilyn S. Sommers, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean; Christine Savage, PhD, RN, Associate Professor; and John Schafer, PhD, Associate Professor
Problem: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an escalating
problem in sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Health Organization,
the disease constitutes a threat to the health of adolescents in this
region. One of the countries in this region with a growing prevalence of
AIDS is Cameroon, where an estimated one in four adolescents is at risk
for contracting this disease. Little is known, however, about effective
strategies that can assist adolescents in this country to reduce their
vulnerability. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the
effectiveness of a school-based intervention delivered to pre-adolescent
Cameroonian girls to: 1) increase intentions to postpone sexual activity
and 2) increase sexual-abstinence behavior skills. Theoretical Framework:
The educational intervention and measurement tools were based on the
Theory of Planned Behavior. Subjects: Participants included 60 female
students from a primary school in Buea, Cameroon. Methods: A
pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design was used. Students received a
pretest measuring intentions and behavior skills before an educational
intervention. A posttest was then administered to measure the same
variables as in the pretest. Exact paired t-tests were used to compare
pretest and posttest scores. Effect sizes and confidence intervals were
also estimated for each of the two dependent variables. The alpha level
was set a priori at 0.05. Results: The intervention was effective in
increasing intentions to postpone sexual activity (t=3.40; p<.05) and
sexual-abstinence behavior skills (t=4.51; p<.05). Effect sizes were
moderate, with narrow 95% confidence intervals (.66; CI=.59-.73 and .75;
CI=.67-.83 respectively). Conclusions: The findings provide a basis for a
large randomized community trial using these instruments and intervention.
If these findings are replicated with larger random samples the
intervention could be used by policy makers, public health planners, and
community health nurses to reverse the rapidly escalating HIV infection
rates in Cameroon.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleIncreasing Behavior Skills and Intentions to Postpone Sexual Activity In Cameroonian Preadolescent Studentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159338-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Increasing Behavior Skills and Intentions to Postpone Sexual Activity In Cameroonian Preadolescent Students</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Enah, Comfort, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Cincinnati</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Nursing Research Division, 3110 Vine Street, Cincinnati, OH, 45221, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">513-558 5236</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Enahcc@uc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marilyn S. Sommers, PhD, RN, FAAN, Associate Dean; Christine Savage, PhD, RN, Associate Professor; and John Schafer, PhD, Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Problem: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an escalating <br/> problem in sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Health Organization, <br/> the disease constitutes a threat to the health of adolescents in this <br/> region. One of the countries in this region with a growing prevalence of <br/> AIDS is Cameroon, where an estimated one in four adolescents is at risk <br/> for contracting this disease. Little is known, however, about effective <br/> strategies that can assist adolescents in this country to reduce their <br/> vulnerability. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the <br/> effectiveness of a school-based intervention delivered to pre-adolescent <br/> Cameroonian girls to: 1) increase intentions to postpone sexual activity <br/> and 2) increase sexual-abstinence behavior skills. Theoretical Framework: <br/> The educational intervention and measurement tools were based on the <br/> Theory of Planned Behavior. Subjects: Participants included 60 female <br/> students from a primary school in Buea, Cameroon. Methods: A <br/> pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design was used. Students received a <br/> pretest measuring intentions and behavior skills before an educational <br/> intervention. A posttest was then administered to measure the same <br/> variables as in the pretest. Exact paired t-tests were used to compare <br/> pretest and posttest scores. Effect sizes and confidence intervals were <br/> also estimated for each of the two dependent variables. The alpha level <br/> was set a priori at 0.05. Results: The intervention was effective in <br/> increasing intentions to postpone sexual activity (t=3.40; p&lt;.05) and <br/> sexual-abstinence behavior skills (t=4.51; p&lt;.05). Effect sizes were <br/> moderate, with narrow 95% confidence intervals (.66; CI=.59-.73 and .75; <br/> CI=.67-.83 respectively). Conclusions: The findings provide a basis for a <br/> large randomized community trial using these instruments and intervention. <br/> If these findings are replicated with larger random samples the <br/> intervention could be used by policy makers, public health planners, and <br/> community health nurses to reverse the rapidly escalating HIV infection <br/> rates in Cameroon.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:55:22Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:55:22Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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