Depression, Perceived Stress, and Stages of Change among Low-Income Pregnant Smokers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159347
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Depression, Perceived Stress, and Stages of Change among Low-Income Pregnant Smokers
Abstract:
Depression, Perceived Stress, and Stages of Change among Low-Income Pregnant Smokers
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Frankel-Comes, Johanna
Contact Address:SON, 5617 West 98th Place,, Overland Park, KS, 66207, USA
Co-Authors:Kimberly N. Johnston; Monica S. Scheibmeir
Statement of the Problem: Depression and perceived stress among pregnant smokers may be important variables associated with inability to quit smoking during pregnancy. Among low-income pregnant women, these factors may be more salient due to limited social or environmental support associated with successful smoking cessation. Theoretical Framework: The Transtheoretical Model of Change is used in this study. The theory postulates that individuals attempting smoking cessation experience a set of discreet but continuous behavioral changes (stages of change) before they reach the final behavioral goal. Among pregnant smokers very little is known about the factors that could potentially impede women from advancing through the stages of change that are necessary if smoking cessation is to be attempted. Objective: To describe the relationship between perceived stress and depression among low-income pregnant smokers in the first trimester. Method: Sixty low-income pregnant smokers are being recruited to participate in the study. Measures of depression (CES-D 10), perceived stress (4 items from the Perceived Stress Scale), Stages of Change, self-efficacy to quit smoking (Confidence Questionnaire), smoking history and demographic variables are being collected. Results and Conclusions: Data collection is on-going at this time so the results will be presented at the poster session. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics of the sample. In addition, correlations among the key variables will be presented. Multivariate tiered logistic regression will be used to explain the relationship between stages of change and measures of depression and stress as the predictors. The regression techniques will be cross-validated to test the model's discrimination aptitude. AN: MN030011
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDepression, Perceived Stress, and Stages of Change among Low-Income Pregnant Smokersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159347-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Depression, Perceived Stress, and Stages of Change among Low-Income Pregnant Smokers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Frankel-Comes, Johanna</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">SON, 5617 West 98th Place,, Overland Park, KS, 66207, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Kimberly N. Johnston; Monica S. Scheibmeir </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Statement of the Problem: Depression and perceived stress among pregnant smokers may be important variables associated with inability to quit smoking during pregnancy. Among low-income pregnant women, these factors may be more salient due to limited social or environmental support associated with successful smoking cessation. Theoretical Framework: The Transtheoretical Model of Change is used in this study. The theory postulates that individuals attempting smoking cessation experience a set of discreet but continuous behavioral changes (stages of change) before they reach the final behavioral goal. Among pregnant smokers very little is known about the factors that could potentially impede women from advancing through the stages of change that are necessary if smoking cessation is to be attempted. Objective: To describe the relationship between perceived stress and depression among low-income pregnant smokers in the first trimester. Method: Sixty low-income pregnant smokers are being recruited to participate in the study. Measures of depression (CES-D 10), perceived stress (4 items from the Perceived Stress Scale), Stages of Change, self-efficacy to quit smoking (Confidence Questionnaire), smoking history and demographic variables are being collected. Results and Conclusions: Data collection is on-going at this time so the results will be presented at the poster session. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics of the sample. In addition, correlations among the key variables will be presented. Multivariate tiered logistic regression will be used to explain the relationship between stages of change and measures of depression and stress as the predictors. The regression techniques will be cross-validated to test the model's discrimination aptitude. AN: MN030011</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:55:51Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:55:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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