2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159397
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Negative affect and smoking status after a trial of smoking cessation
Abstract:
Negative affect and smoking status after a trial of smoking cessation
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Poynton, Mollie
P.I. Institution Name:IUPUI
Contact Address:Environments for Health, 1111 Middle Drive NU483, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA
Co-Authors:Anna McDaniel; Mary Ellen Wewers
Purpose: The purpose of this prospective study of adult smokers is to explore the relationship of depression and anxiety symptoms to nicotine dependence and smoking status in a sample of adult smokers, before and after participation in a smoking cessation program. Conceptual Framework: Many previous studies limited consideration of negative affect to measures of depressed mood. Depression and anxiety relate to separate dimensions of mood; while anxiety may be related to high negative affect, depression may be related to low positive affect. These dimensions may be regulated differently in the brain, and differentiation of depression/ anxiety symptoms may be useful in understanding the relationship of mood to nicotine dependence and smoking cessation. Subjects: Approximately 50 subjects, the comparison group from a larger multi-site smoking cessation relapse intervention study, comprise the sample. The subjects vary in age, race, and health status. Method: At baseline, symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Nicotine dependence was measured with the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence. At three and six months, measurements of depression and anxiety were repeated. Self-report of continuous abstinence and 7-day point-prevalence abstinence was obtained at three and six month follow-up interviews. Results: Preliminary results indicate that three-month BAI and BDI scores are positively correlated. However, BDI and BAI scores are not associated with smoking status at three months. Data collection is ongoing. Further descriptive and correlational analyses are planned to describe relationships among variables. Conclusions: Knowledge of the relationship between negative affect and smoking cessation is important to develop effective interventions in smokers attempting cessation. AN: MN030231
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNegative affect and smoking status after a trial of smoking cessationen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159397-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Negative affect and smoking status after a trial of smoking cessation</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Poynton, Mollie</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">IUPUI</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Environments for Health, 1111 Middle Drive NU483, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Anna McDaniel; Mary Ellen Wewers</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this prospective study of adult smokers is to explore the relationship of depression and anxiety symptoms to nicotine dependence and smoking status in a sample of adult smokers, before and after participation in a smoking cessation program. Conceptual Framework: Many previous studies limited consideration of negative affect to measures of depressed mood. Depression and anxiety relate to separate dimensions of mood; while anxiety may be related to high negative affect, depression may be related to low positive affect. These dimensions may be regulated differently in the brain, and differentiation of depression/ anxiety symptoms may be useful in understanding the relationship of mood to nicotine dependence and smoking cessation. Subjects: Approximately 50 subjects, the comparison group from a larger multi-site smoking cessation relapse intervention study, comprise the sample. The subjects vary in age, race, and health status. Method: At baseline, symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Nicotine dependence was measured with the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence. At three and six months, measurements of depression and anxiety were repeated. Self-report of continuous abstinence and 7-day point-prevalence abstinence was obtained at three and six month follow-up interviews. Results: Preliminary results indicate that three-month BAI and BDI scores are positively correlated. However, BDI and BAI scores are not associated with smoking status at three months. Data collection is ongoing. Further descriptive and correlational analyses are planned to describe relationships among variables. Conclusions: Knowledge of the relationship between negative affect and smoking cessation is important to develop effective interventions in smokers attempting cessation. AN: MN030231 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T21:58:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T21:58:37Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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