Elderly Religious Sisters: Are Their Health Screening and Disease Prevention Practices Reflective of Disease Incidence?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159473
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Elderly Religious Sisters: Are Their Health Screening and Disease Prevention Practices Reflective of Disease Incidence?
Abstract:
Elderly Religious Sisters: Are Their Health Screening and Disease Prevention Practices Reflective of Disease Incidence?
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Gaspar, Phyllis, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Winona State University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing & Health Sciences, 301A Stark Hall, PO Box 5838, Winona, MN, 55987-5939, USA
Contact Telephone:507.457.5634
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine among elderly Religious Sisters (RS): 1) use of select health screenings and disease prevention practices, and 2) incidence of related diseases/conditions. Conceptual Framework. The epidemiology model of levels of prevention was used to guide the study. Sample. 143 members of the cohort of those 65 years of age or older in 1985 residing in a retirement community of RS were the subjects. This sample was purposefully selected because of risk-factor homogeneity among this population. Method. Medical records of each subject for the 15-year period 1985-1999 were reviewed. Results. Screening and Disease Prevention Practices: Over the 15 year period: 1) Mammograms were done an average of 4.81 times per subject (SD=3.02; range 0-13); 2) Pap smears were done an average of 2.08 times per subject (SD=2.36; range of 0-11); 3) Recorded number of cholesterol results steadily increased from 31 (14%) subjects in 1985 to 67 (46%) in 1999, with mean cholesterol levels over 209 mg/dl throughout; 4) 117 subjects (82%) had one or two pneumovax; 5) 64 (45%) subjects had no tetanus vaccination; 6) Hormone replacement therapy was initiated for 3 subjects (therapy duration was 1, 3, & 6 years). Disease Incidence: Seven (5%) were diagnosed with breast cancer during the 15-year period. There was no diagnosis of cervical cancer. Fifty-nine (41%) experienced one or more fractures. Conclusions. The rate of most health screenings and disease prevention practices of this population exceed those reported for the general population over the age of 65. Incidence of breast cancer was lower than expected, while cervical cancer was at the expected rate. The high rate of fractures among this group is of concern. Results suggest that the health professional consider disease risk when recommending select screening and disease prevention practices for this population.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleElderly Religious Sisters: Are Their Health Screening and Disease Prevention Practices Reflective of Disease Incidence?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159473-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Elderly Religious Sisters: Are Their Health Screening and Disease Prevention Practices Reflective of Disease Incidence?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gaspar, Phyllis, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Winona State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing &amp; Health Sciences, 301A Stark Hall, PO Box 5838, Winona, MN, 55987-5939, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">507.457.5634</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pgaspar@winona.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine among elderly Religious Sisters (RS): 1) use of select health screenings and disease prevention practices, and 2) incidence of related diseases/conditions. Conceptual Framework. The epidemiology model of levels of prevention was used to guide the study. Sample. 143 members of the cohort of those 65 years of age or older in 1985 residing in a retirement community of RS were the subjects. This sample was purposefully selected because of risk-factor homogeneity among this population. Method. Medical records of each subject for the 15-year period 1985-1999 were reviewed. Results. Screening and Disease Prevention Practices: Over the 15 year period: 1) Mammograms were done an average of 4.81 times per subject (SD=3.02; range 0-13); 2) Pap smears were done an average of 2.08 times per subject (SD=2.36; range of 0-11); 3) Recorded number of cholesterol results steadily increased from 31 (14%) subjects in 1985 to 67 (46%) in 1999, with mean cholesterol levels over 209 mg/dl throughout; 4) 117 subjects (82%) had one or two pneumovax; 5) 64 (45%) subjects had no tetanus vaccination; 6) Hormone replacement therapy was initiated for 3 subjects (therapy duration was 1, 3, &amp; 6 years). Disease Incidence: Seven (5%) were diagnosed with breast cancer during the 15-year period. There was no diagnosis of cervical cancer. Fifty-nine (41%) experienced one or more fractures. Conclusions. The rate of most health screenings and disease prevention practices of this population exceed those reported for the general population over the age of 65. Incidence of breast cancer was lower than expected, while cervical cancer was at the expected rate. The high rate of fractures among this group is of concern. Results suggest that the health professional consider disease risk when recommending select screening and disease prevention practices for this population.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:02:58Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:02:58Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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