Social Role Quality, Physical Health, and Well-Being in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159519
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Social Role Quality, Physical Health, and Well-Being in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Abstract:
Social Role Quality, Physical Health, and Well-Being in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Plach, Sandra
P.I. Institution Name:University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:School of Nursing, Cunningham Hall, Room 671, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA
Contact Telephone:414.229.6920
The purposes of this study were to examine whether role quality mediates and moderates the influence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on psychological well-being. The quality of women's social roles has been shown to influence psychological well-being generally. Because RA affects mostly women and interferes with role performance, women's role quality may be an important factor in adaptation to RA. The theoretical framework for the study was based on a multidimensional view of social roles (specifically, role balance and role discrepancy). Participants were 156 women with a diagnosis of RA (M age=59) who completed self-report measures of arthritis history, physical health, psychological well-being, and two measures of role quality. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that role quality mediated the effects of physical health on depression, purpose in life, and self-acceptance, and moderated the effects of health on depression. Women in poor health with high role quality were significantly less depressed than women in poor health with poor role quality. Findings from this study concerning relationships among women's physical health and functioning, their ability to carry out social roles, and their subsequent well-being, may help direct meaningful interventions to aid women with RA manage and optimize their daily lives.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSocial Role Quality, Physical Health, and Well-Being in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritisen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159519-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Social Role Quality, Physical Health, and Well-Being in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Plach, Sandra</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, Cunningham Hall, Room 671, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">414.229.6920</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">placs@uwm.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purposes of this study were to examine whether role quality mediates and moderates the influence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on psychological well-being. The quality of women's social roles has been shown to influence psychological well-being generally. Because RA affects mostly women and interferes with role performance, women's role quality may be an important factor in adaptation to RA. The theoretical framework for the study was based on a multidimensional view of social roles (specifically, role balance and role discrepancy). Participants were 156 women with a diagnosis of RA (M age=59) who completed self-report measures of arthritis history, physical health, psychological well-being, and two measures of role quality. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that role quality mediated the effects of physical health on depression, purpose in life, and self-acceptance, and moderated the effects of health on depression. Women in poor health with high role quality were significantly less depressed than women in poor health with poor role quality. Findings from this study concerning relationships among women's physical health and functioning, their ability to carry out social roles, and their subsequent well-being, may help direct meaningful interventions to aid women with RA manage and optimize their daily lives.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:05:25Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:05:25Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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