Causal Relationship between Nutrition Promoting Behavior and Pregnancy Outcome in Low Income Pregnant Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159715
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Causal Relationship between Nutrition Promoting Behavior and Pregnancy Outcome in Low Income Pregnant Women
Abstract:
Causal Relationship between Nutrition Promoting Behavior and Pregnancy Outcome in Low Income Pregnant Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Kittchotpanich, Boonsri
P.I. Institution Name:Kuakaroon Nursing College
Title:Obstetric Nursing Lecturer
Contact Address:, Bangkok, Thailand
Rates of newborns with birth weight below 3,000 grams have been found to be higher in Thailand than those in many developed countries. Good health and proper diet in pregnant women are necessary for normal fetal growth and birth weight. The objective of this study was to test the strength of some causal maternal variables relating to newborns' birth weight in the third trimester of pregnancy. A pregnant woman's nutritional behavioral promotion model was generated by the researcher. The study was a four-month prospective study carried out at the Antenatal Care Clinic in 7 hospitals, derived by simple random sampling of 15 in Bangkok. 444 of the 631 primipara selected were completely investigated. The study instruments consisted of a) dietary studies (24-hr food recall, 3-day food record, food pattern consumption), and b) cognitive-perception studies (questionnaires about perceived food benefits, barriers, self-efficacy of food intake and social support during pregnancy. Pregnant women nutritional status was analyzed from their anthropometric measurements in the ANC records. Data were analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL8. The results revealed that the nutritional behavior and nutritional status of the pregnant women related significantly and directly to birth weight. The nutritional behavior of pregnant women related directly to their nutritional status (=0.36, p<0.01). Cognitive perceptual factors related positively to nutrition behavior (=0.70, p<0.01), and social support related both to cognitive perceptual factors (=0.66, p<0.01) and nutrition behavior (=0.18, p<0.01). Educational level related to cognitive perceptual factor (=0.12, p<0.05). The model accounts for a 64% of the variances on birth weight. Enhancing social support was strongly recommended. Emphasizing the importance of perceived food, benefits and self efficacy and barriers, would have an impact on birth weight of newborn.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCausal Relationship between Nutrition Promoting Behavior and Pregnancy Outcome in Low Income Pregnant Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159715-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Causal Relationship between Nutrition Promoting Behavior and Pregnancy Outcome in Low Income Pregnant Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kittchotpanich, Boonsri</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kuakaroon Nursing College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Obstetric Nursing Lecturer</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">, Bangkok, Thailand</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Rates of newborns with birth weight below 3,000 grams have been found to be higher in Thailand than those in many developed countries. Good health and proper diet in pregnant women are necessary for normal fetal growth and birth weight. The objective of this study was to test the strength of some causal maternal variables relating to newborns' birth weight in the third trimester of pregnancy. A pregnant woman's nutritional behavioral promotion model was generated by the researcher. The study was a four-month prospective study carried out at the Antenatal Care Clinic in 7 hospitals, derived by simple random sampling of 15 in Bangkok. 444 of the 631 primipara selected were completely investigated. The study instruments consisted of a) dietary studies (24-hr food recall, 3-day food record, food pattern consumption), and b) cognitive-perception studies (questionnaires about perceived food benefits, barriers, self-efficacy of food intake and social support during pregnancy. Pregnant women nutritional status was analyzed from their anthropometric measurements in the ANC records. Data were analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL8. The results revealed that the nutritional behavior and nutritional status of the pregnant women related significantly and directly to birth weight. The nutritional behavior of pregnant women related directly to their nutritional status (=0.36, p&lt;0.01). Cognitive perceptual factors related positively to nutrition behavior (=0.70, p&lt;0.01), and social support related both to cognitive perceptual factors (=0.66, p&lt;0.01) and nutrition behavior (=0.18, p&lt;0.01). Educational level related to cognitive perceptual factor (=0.12, p&lt;0.05). The model accounts for a 64% of the variances on birth weight. Enhancing social support was strongly recommended. Emphasizing the importance of perceived food, benefits and self efficacy and barriers, would have an impact on birth weight of newborn.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:16:03Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:16:03Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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