Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates: Understanding of Individual and Community Contexts

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159716
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates: Understanding of Individual and Community Contexts
Abstract:
Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates: Understanding of Individual and Community Contexts
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Kim, Seijeoung
P.I. Institution Name:University of Illinois at Chicago
Title:Adjunct Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, 845 South Damen Avenue, M/C 802, 1120 NURS, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA
Contact Telephone:312.355.1913
Objectives: The objectives of this study were 1) to identify risk factors associated with TB disease and treatment completion in an incarcerated population and 2) to distinguish gender specific elements affecting an individual's TB status and treatment completion. Method: Data on former inmates of an urban county jail in Chicago were retrieved from 5 sources and merged. Performing logistic regressions and multi-level modeling, TB status and treatment completion were predicted on the bases of socioeconomic factors, individual health risky behaviors, incarceration factors, and community factors. Further, Geographic Information System was used to illustrate relationships between the distribution of inmate TB cases and community factors. Results: Significant predictors for TB status of all inmates (males and females) were ethnicity, marital status, homelessness, alcohol use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and types of criminal charges. For females, however, only homelessness, alcohol use, and HIV infection were predictive. Significant predictors for treatment completion of all inmates were gender, ethnicity, alcohol use, HIV infection, types of criminal charges, and the Directly Observed Therapy use. On the other hand, predictors for treatment completion of females included IV drug use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and location of treatment. Community area maps showed that communities with lower income, employment, and/or educational level presented more TB cases from the jail. Also, the TB cases were concentrated on housing project areas. Discussion: TB is closely related not only to individual health behaviors but also to socioeconomic context. Effective TB control programs require intersectoral collaboration and gender specific approaches to planning and implementation.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender and Tuberculosis among Inmates: Understanding of Individual and Community Contextsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159716-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates: Understanding of Individual and Community Contexts</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Seijeoung</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Illinois at Chicago</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Adjunct Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, 845 South Damen Avenue, M/C 802, 1120 NURS, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">312.355.1913</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">skim49@uic.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives: The objectives of this study were 1) to identify risk factors associated with TB disease and treatment completion in an incarcerated population and 2) to distinguish gender specific elements affecting an individual's TB status and treatment completion. Method: Data on former inmates of an urban county jail in Chicago were retrieved from 5 sources and merged. Performing logistic regressions and multi-level modeling, TB status and treatment completion were predicted on the bases of socioeconomic factors, individual health risky behaviors, incarceration factors, and community factors. Further, Geographic Information System was used to illustrate relationships between the distribution of inmate TB cases and community factors. Results: Significant predictors for TB status of all inmates (males and females) were ethnicity, marital status, homelessness, alcohol use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and types of criminal charges. For females, however, only homelessness, alcohol use, and HIV infection were predictive. Significant predictors for treatment completion of all inmates were gender, ethnicity, alcohol use, HIV infection, types of criminal charges, and the Directly Observed Therapy use. On the other hand, predictors for treatment completion of females included IV drug use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and location of treatment. Community area maps showed that communities with lower income, employment, and/or educational level presented more TB cases from the jail. Also, the TB cases were concentrated on housing project areas. Discussion: TB is closely related not only to individual health behaviors but also to socioeconomic context. Effective TB control programs require intersectoral collaboration and gender specific approaches to planning and implementation.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:16:07Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:16:07Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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