2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159734
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Application of the Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Paul Ricoeur
Abstract:
An Application of the Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Paul Ricoeur
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2009
Author:Bursch, Heide, MSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Iowa
Title:College of Nursing
Contact Address:NB 454, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA
Contact Telephone:319-337-7436
Co-Authors:H. Bursch, , University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;
Purpose: This study examines the applicability of a hermeneutic phenomenological method fashioned after the philosophy of interpretation by Paul Ricoeur to understand experiences of caregivers of Alzheimer's patients. Background: Nurses are intimate members of discourse in healthcare both witnessing and experiencing lived ethics and morals. Ricoeur promotes an attitude of suspicion in which to negotiate such ethical aims as autonomy, beneficence and justice as moral norms in particular situations. He posits that human beings find meaning and self-understanding in narrative. Human self-hood occurs in community and has an ethical intention to live well with and for others in just institutions. Understanding is always subjective, but based on language and humanity which can be considered objective because they are shared. Scandinavian nurse researchers have used Ricoeur-based approaches to derive clinical knowledge from narratives of ethically sensitive subjects. Method: Distanciation separates the text from author and reader, rendering it autonomous and open to both objective structural analysis and multiple subjective interpretations. (1) In naïve reading, the reader guesses at preliminary understanding based on his own preconceptions; (2) Suspending context, structural analysis moves the text onto a non-referential plane where meaning units are subjected to philosophical questions regarding speaker/agent, interpersonal connectedness and ethical intention. (3) Critical reflection lifts suspense of context, combining pre-understanding and structural analysis to find meaning in shared context; and (4) appropriation of new-found understanding transforms the reader to new ways of being in the world. Results: Detailed explication of step-by-step application of the process to analyze 23 caregiver journals who were asked to write about their deepest thoughts and feelings while caring for their family member with Alzheimer's Disease. Implications: Hermeneutic phenomenology provides nursing epistemology and ontology. By engaging text within Ricoeur's philosophy and methodology, the nurse researcher appropriates transformative understanding of ethically sensitive phenomena enabling him to be and act differently in the world.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Application of the Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Paul Ricoeuren_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159734-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An Application of the Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Paul Ricoeur</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Bursch, Heide, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Iowa</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">NB 454, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">319-337-7436</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">heide-bursch@uiowa.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">H. Bursch, , University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: This study examines the applicability of a hermeneutic phenomenological method fashioned after the philosophy of interpretation by Paul Ricoeur to understand experiences of caregivers of Alzheimer's patients. Background: Nurses are intimate members of discourse in healthcare both witnessing and experiencing lived ethics and morals. Ricoeur promotes an attitude of suspicion in which to negotiate such ethical aims as autonomy, beneficence and justice as moral norms in particular situations. He posits that human beings find meaning and self-understanding in narrative. Human self-hood occurs in community and has an ethical intention to live well with and for others in just institutions. Understanding is always subjective, but based on language and humanity which can be considered objective because they are shared. Scandinavian nurse researchers have used Ricoeur-based approaches to derive clinical knowledge from narratives of ethically sensitive subjects. Method: Distanciation separates the text from author and reader, rendering it autonomous and open to both objective structural analysis and multiple subjective interpretations. (1) In na&iuml;ve reading, the reader guesses at preliminary understanding based on his own preconceptions; (2) Suspending context, structural analysis moves the text onto a non-referential plane where meaning units are subjected to philosophical questions regarding speaker/agent, interpersonal connectedness and ethical intention. (3) Critical reflection lifts suspense of context, combining pre-understanding and structural analysis to find meaning in shared context; and (4) appropriation of new-found understanding transforms the reader to new ways of being in the world. Results: Detailed explication of step-by-step application of the process to analyze 23 caregiver journals who were asked to write about their deepest thoughts and feelings while caring for their family member with Alzheimer's Disease. Implications: Hermeneutic phenomenology provides nursing epistemology and ontology. By engaging text within Ricoeur's philosophy and methodology, the nurse researcher appropriates transformative understanding of ethically sensitive phenomena enabling him to be and act differently in the world.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:17:06Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:17:06Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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