Obesity in Women with Past Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Pilot Study of Contributing Variables

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159760
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Obesity in Women with Past Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Pilot Study of Contributing Variables
Abstract:
Obesity in Women with Past Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Pilot Study of Contributing Variables
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2009
Author:Hulme, Polly, PhD, APRN-NP
P.I. Institution Name:University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Nursing
Contact Address:985330 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198-5330, USA
Contact Telephone:402-559-6563
Co-Authors:P.A. Hulme, College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE;
Although it is well known that women with past childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are at increased risk for mental health problems, less attention has been paid to their increased risk for obesity. To date, it is unknown whether this increased risk for obesity translates to an increased risk for central obesity as well. This is important because it is central obesity that carries the most health risk. In addition, knowledge of contributing variables that may help explain this increased obesity risk could lead to improved prevention and treatment of obesity in women with past CSA. The purpose of this pilot study in progress is to determine the feasibility of a study that would address these gaps in the knowledge base. Specific objectives of this pilot study are to 1) test the recruitment method, 2) determine if the study protocol is adequate for the data needed, and 3) estimate the effect sizes of five potential contributors to obesity in women with past CSA: severity of the CSA, additional child maltreatment, adult revictimization, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. A convenience sample of 7 out of the needed 14 subjects has been recruited through newspaper and newsletter advertisements over two months. The study protocol includes first measuring the contributing variables using self-report instruments and then measuring waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI). This protocol takes about one hour and appears to be acceptable to subjects. Once all subjects are recruited, two multiple regression equations (with WC and BMI as dependent variables) will be used to estimate effect sizes of the hypothesized contributing variables, controlling for food intake and physical activity. The slow recruitment rate for this pilot study indicates a different approach will be necessary for the full study. Complete results are projected to be available in a couple of months.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleObesity in Women with Past Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Pilot Study of Contributing Variablesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159760-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Obesity in Women with Past Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Pilot Study of Contributing Variables</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hulme, Polly, PhD, APRN-NP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">985330 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198-5330, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">402-559-6563</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">phulme@unmc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">P.A. Hulme, College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Although it is well known that women with past childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are at increased risk for mental health problems, less attention has been paid to their increased risk for obesity. To date, it is unknown whether this increased risk for obesity translates to an increased risk for central obesity as well. This is important because it is central obesity that carries the most health risk. In addition, knowledge of contributing variables that may help explain this increased obesity risk could lead to improved prevention and treatment of obesity in women with past CSA. The purpose of this pilot study in progress is to determine the feasibility of a study that would address these gaps in the knowledge base. Specific objectives of this pilot study are to 1) test the recruitment method, 2) determine if the study protocol is adequate for the data needed, and 3) estimate the effect sizes of five potential contributors to obesity in women with past CSA: severity of the CSA, additional child maltreatment, adult revictimization, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. A convenience sample of 7 out of the needed 14 subjects has been recruited through newspaper and newsletter advertisements over two months. The study protocol includes first measuring the contributing variables using self-report instruments and then measuring waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI). This protocol takes about one hour and appears to be acceptable to subjects. Once all subjects are recruited, two multiple regression equations (with WC and BMI as dependent variables) will be used to estimate effect sizes of the hypothesized contributing variables, controlling for food intake and physical activity. The slow recruitment rate for this pilot study indicates a different approach will be necessary for the full study. Complete results are projected to be available in a couple of months.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:18:33Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:18:33Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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