2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159854
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Problem Drinking and Risky Driving in a Vulnerable Population
Abstract:
Problem Drinking and Risky Driving in a Vulnerable Population
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Sommers, Marilyn, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Cincinnati
Title:Associate Dean for Research
Contact Address:College of Nursing, P. O. Box 210038, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0038, USA
Contact Telephone:513-558-5268
Co-Authors:Michael Lyons, MD; Steven R. Howe, PhD, Professor; John Schafer, PhD, Associate Professor; and Jamison Fargo, PhD, Assistant Professor
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of problem drinking and risky driving in the emergency department (ED) population. Background: The ED population is known to be vulnerable to a host of physiological, psychological, and social disorders. Although it remains controversial and perhaps paradoxical, the concept of providing prevention services in the ED setting is increasingly supported. The rationale for expanding prevention services is that EDs are widely accepted to be the safety net for patients without other access to health care, and may be the only source of prevention services for a highly vulnerable population. Methods: The setting was an urban ED in a Level I Trauma Center with 85,000 patient visits per year. Non-alcohol dependent adults 18-45 were eligible for enrollment. Screening occurred 2-3 days a week from 8 AM to 2 AM in the ED. Of 2,191 subjects screened, the mean age was 40.9 years, 52% were male and 48% female, and 57% were Black and 39% were White. Mean standard drinks (SD) on a typical day for problem drinkers was 6.27. Mean highest number of SD on a single occasion was 8.78. In risky drivers, mean number of times subjects drove 20+ miles over the speed limit/month was 5.74, and the mean number of times subjects ran a red light/month was 6.98. 56.7% of subjects always used their seat belt while driving, 11.7% wore them most of the time, 14.2% wore them some of the time, and 17.3% never wore them. Approximately 20% of ED patients who were screened were risky drivers and 10% were problem drinkers. Safety belt compliance was well below the national average. Implications: There is a significant need in the ED to offer interventions to prevent problem drinking and risky driving.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleProblem Drinking and Risky Driving in a Vulnerable Populationen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159854-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Problem Drinking and Risky Driving in a Vulnerable Population</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sommers, Marilyn, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Cincinnati</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean for Research</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, P. O. Box 210038, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0038, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">513-558-5268</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Lynn.Sommers@UC.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Michael Lyons, MD; Steven R. Howe, PhD, Professor; John Schafer, PhD, Associate Professor; and Jamison Fargo, PhD, Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of problem drinking and risky driving in the emergency department (ED) population. Background: The ED population is known to be vulnerable to a host of physiological, psychological, and social disorders. Although it remains controversial and perhaps paradoxical, the concept of providing prevention services in the ED setting is increasingly supported. The rationale for expanding prevention services is that EDs are widely accepted to be the safety net for patients without other access to health care, and may be the only source of prevention services for a highly vulnerable population. Methods: The setting was an urban ED in a Level I Trauma Center with 85,000 patient visits per year. Non-alcohol dependent adults 18-45 were eligible for enrollment. Screening occurred 2-3 days a week from 8 AM to 2 AM in the ED. Of 2,191 subjects screened, the mean age was 40.9 years, 52% were male and 48% female, and 57% were Black and 39% were White. Mean standard drinks (SD) on a typical day for problem drinkers was 6.27. Mean highest number of SD on a single occasion was 8.78. In risky drivers, mean number of times subjects drove 20+ miles over the speed limit/month was 5.74, and the mean number of times subjects ran a red light/month was 6.98. 56.7% of subjects always used their seat belt while driving, 11.7% wore them most of the time, 14.2% wore them some of the time, and 17.3% never wore them. Approximately 20% of ED patients who were screened were risky drivers and 10% were problem drinkers. Safety belt compliance was well below the national average. Implications: There is a significant need in the ED to offer interventions to prevent problem drinking and risky driving.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:23:48Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:23:48Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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