2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159894
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An HIV Sexual Risk-avoidance Model in Cameroonian Preadolescents
Abstract:
An HIV Sexual Risk-avoidance Model in Cameroonian Preadolescents
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Enah, Comfort, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:UAB school of Nursing
Contact Address:NB 344, 1530 3rd Ave. South, Birmingham, Alabama, AL, 35294, USA
Contact Telephone:205 934 5482
Co-Authors:C. Enah, School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; I. Kudel, , VAMC, Cincinnati, OH;
HIV/AID infections are leading to an unprecedented, rapidly escalating, pubic health crisis in African countries like Cameroon. One in four Cameroonian adolescents is estimated to be at risk from heterosexual contact. Little is known about factors that can assist adolescents in avoiding this risk. Theoretical models that adequately capture associated factors can assist public health nurses in; accurately describing risk-avoidance behaviors; appropriately identifying sub populations at risk; designing interventions; and assessing the efficacy of intervention programs. The specific objectives of this study were to examine the relationships between theory-based variables: sexual abstinence behaviors skills (measured using the SABSS-cam); intentions to postpone sexual activity (measured using the IPSAS-cam); sexual abstinence behavior; and perceived negative consequence of early sex as suggested by the Theory of Planned Behavior among 10-12 year old Cameroonian students. A cross-sectional school-based survey of 8 randomly selected public schools from the two English speaking provinces in Cameroon was completed in 2006. A total of 462 students participated in the survey. A latent hybrid model, which included a measurement component (confirmatory factor analysis; CFA) and a path model, was used to test whether the associations among the variables adequately reflected the theoretical model. Results indicate that abstinence skills, intentions to postpone and perceived negative consequences were all measuring sexual risk-avoidance capacity in the first step of our analysis. The latent variable risk-avoidance capacity was then found to be a predictor of sexual abstinence behaviors which was a predictor of the number of times students had engaged in sexual activity(Chi2 = 8.17, p = 0.15, CFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.04). This model could be used by public health nurses and other public health professionals in appropriately designing and measuring primary prevention interventions in Cameroon.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn HIV Sexual Risk-avoidance Model in Cameroonian Preadolescentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159894-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An HIV Sexual Risk-avoidance Model in Cameroonian Preadolescents</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Enah, Comfort, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">UAB school of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">NB 344, 1530 3rd Ave. South, Birmingham, Alabama, AL, 35294, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">205 934 5482</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">enahcc@uab.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">C. Enah, School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; I. Kudel, , VAMC, Cincinnati, OH;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">HIV/AID infections are leading to an unprecedented, rapidly escalating, pubic health crisis in African countries like Cameroon. One in four Cameroonian adolescents is estimated to be at risk from heterosexual contact. Little is known about factors that can assist adolescents in avoiding this risk. Theoretical models that adequately capture associated factors can assist public health nurses in; accurately describing risk-avoidance behaviors; appropriately identifying sub populations at risk; designing interventions; and assessing the efficacy of intervention programs. The specific objectives of this study were to examine the relationships between theory-based variables: sexual abstinence behaviors skills (measured using the SABSS-cam); intentions to postpone sexual activity (measured using the IPSAS-cam); sexual abstinence behavior; and perceived negative consequence of early sex as suggested by the Theory of Planned Behavior among 10-12 year old Cameroonian students. A cross-sectional school-based survey of 8 randomly selected public schools from the two English speaking provinces in Cameroon was completed in 2006. A total of 462 students participated in the survey. A latent hybrid model, which included a measurement component (confirmatory factor analysis; CFA) and a path model, was used to test whether the associations among the variables adequately reflected the theoretical model. Results indicate that abstinence skills, intentions to postpone and perceived negative consequences were all measuring sexual risk-avoidance capacity in the first step of our analysis. The latent variable risk-avoidance capacity was then found to be a predictor of sexual abstinence behaviors which was a predictor of the number of times students had engaged in sexual activity(Chi2 = 8.17, p = 0.15, CFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.04). This model could be used by public health nurses and other public health professionals in appropriately designing and measuring primary prevention interventions in Cameroon.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:26:02Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:26:02Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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