2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159932
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of a Healthy Homes Intervention
Abstract:
Impact of a Healthy Homes Intervention
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Polivka, Barbara, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Ohio State University
Title:Nursing
Contact Address:1585 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA
Contact Telephone:614-292-4902
Co-Authors:J. Crawford, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; B.J. Polivka, R.V. Chaudry, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; P. Bouton, L. Sweet, , Columbus Public Health, Columbus , OH;
Purpose: Healthy Homes initiatives stress eliminating noxious environmental exposures in homes. The health department in Columbus Ohio developed a multidisciplinary, multidimensional Healthy Homes intervention that included educational home visits. This study assessed the impact of this intervention on asthma symptoms, asthma severity, caregiver self-efficacy, and caregiver quality of life. Framework: A self-efficacy theoretical approach was used. Method: This one-group pre-post design used a structured interview tool to collect baseline and post-intervention data. Interviews were conducted in-person at baseline and either in-person or by phone post-intervention. Average time between baseline and follow-up interviews was 11 months. Mothers (87%) were primary respondents. Subjects: The sample (n=84) was comprised of low-income children < 18 years old. Inclusion criteria included an asthma diagnosis or < 6 years old with an asthmatic mother. Results: Children (n=84) were primarily male (62%), 10 years or younger (74%), living in single family home (69%), had moisture in their home (61%). Compared to baseline, there were significant decreases post-intervention in number of days and nights in the previous 2 weeks the child had asthma symptoms, school days missed in the last 6 months, work missed by the caregiver in the last 6 months, number of emergency department/urgent care center visits and hospital admissions for asthma in previous 3 months. Caregiver self-efficacy and quality of life increased significantly. Conclusions: This intervention decreased asthma symptoms, lost school and work days, and emergency use of the health care system, and improved caregiver quality of life and self-efficacy. Public health nurses can enhance the effectiveness of asthma home visiting programs, and program modifications specifically incorporating home visits by a public health nurse will be discussed. Further research is needed that examines the effectiveness of interdisciplinary team approach to asthma home visiting programs.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImpact of a Healthy Homes Interventionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159932-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Impact of a Healthy Homes Intervention</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Polivka, Barbara, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Ohio State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">1585 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">614-292-4902</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">polivka.1@osu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">J. Crawford, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; B.J. Polivka, R.V. Chaudry, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; P. Bouton, L. Sweet, , Columbus Public Health, Columbus , OH;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: Healthy Homes initiatives stress eliminating noxious environmental exposures in homes. The health department in Columbus Ohio developed a multidisciplinary, multidimensional Healthy Homes intervention that included educational home visits. This study assessed the impact of this intervention on asthma symptoms, asthma severity, caregiver self-efficacy, and caregiver quality of life. Framework: A self-efficacy theoretical approach was used. Method: This one-group pre-post design used a structured interview tool to collect baseline and post-intervention data. Interviews were conducted in-person at baseline and either in-person or by phone post-intervention. Average time between baseline and follow-up interviews was 11 months. Mothers (87%) were primary respondents. Subjects: The sample (n=84) was comprised of low-income children &lt; 18 years old. Inclusion criteria included an asthma diagnosis or &lt; 6 years old with an asthmatic mother. Results: Children (n=84) were primarily male (62%), 10 years or younger (74%), living in single family home (69%), had moisture in their home (61%). Compared to baseline, there were significant decreases post-intervention in number of days and nights in the previous 2 weeks the child had asthma symptoms, school days missed in the last 6 months, work missed by the caregiver in the last 6 months, number of emergency department/urgent care center visits and hospital admissions for asthma in previous 3 months. Caregiver self-efficacy and quality of life increased significantly. Conclusions: This intervention decreased asthma symptoms, lost school and work days, and emergency use of the health care system, and improved caregiver quality of life and self-efficacy. Public health nurses can enhance the effectiveness of asthma home visiting programs, and program modifications specifically incorporating home visits by a public health nurse will be discussed. Further research is needed that examines the effectiveness of interdisciplinary team approach to asthma home visiting programs.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:28:10Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:28:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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