Cardiovascular Risk and Morbidity in Retirees of the Milwaukee Department of Public Safety

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159985
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Cardiovascular Risk and Morbidity in Retirees of the Milwaukee Department of Public Safety
Abstract:
Cardiovascular Risk and Morbidity in Retirees of the Milwaukee Department of Public Safety
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Ramey, Sandra, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Iowa
Contact Address:, 50 Newton Road, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA
Purpose: This study looks at cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and risk in men and women who retired [within the past 5 years] from the Milwaukee Department of Public Safety [ages 37 to 78 years; Mean = 55.5; SD = 6.4]. Law enforcement is among the occupations with the highest documented rate of CVD and associated risk factor prevalence. Gaps exist in the literature explaining when and how the increased prevalence of risk and morbidity occurs. Background: It remains uncertain if law enforcement officers (LEOs) have greater prevalence of CVD and associated risk factors The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. Older LEOs 'self select' out of the normal sample population [through retirement or disability], therefore, it is important to explore the prevalence of risk and disease in this group. Very few studies done in the United States have looked at Department of Public Safety retirees. Method: Using the Precede-Proceed Health Promotion Planning Model, retirees (n = 305) were surveyed about risk and disease prevalence. LEOS self-reported morbidity and risk on a 25-question survey. LEOs were solicited for interviews and focus groups by indicating willingness to participate on the survey. The comparison group was respondents (n = 1,716) to the 2005 Wisconsin Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Results: CVD morbidity and risk factor prevalence was alarmingly higher for some variables (in LEOs) than counterparts in the general population: hypertension ( 54.2% vs. 27.6%); hypercholesterolemia (62.5% vs. 61.7%); and diabetes (14.1% vs. 6.6%). CVD morbidity was also found to occur greater than 3 times as often (16.1 vs. 5.2%). Using linear and logistic regression models , employment as a LEO was associated with increased CVD morbidity and this relationship holds after considering several conventional risk factors. Implications: Creative and insightful ways to address health risk are necessary. Researchers might consider looking at both ends of the life continuum to answer difficult questions about when and why risk prevalence increases. Studying older officers may be a key determinant in strategizing interventions to diminish risk and morbidity from CVD in this group.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCardiovascular Risk and Morbidity in Retirees of the Milwaukee Department of Public Safetyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159985-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Cardiovascular Risk and Morbidity in Retirees of the Milwaukee Department of Public Safety</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ramey, Sandra, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Iowa</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">, 50 Newton Road, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sandra-ramey@uiowa.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: This study looks at cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and risk in men and women who retired [within the past 5 years] from the Milwaukee Department of Public Safety [ages 37 to 78 years; Mean = 55.5; SD = 6.4]. Law enforcement is among the occupations with the highest documented rate of CVD and associated risk factor prevalence. Gaps exist in the literature explaining when and how the increased prevalence of risk and morbidity occurs. Background: It remains uncertain if law enforcement officers (LEOs) have greater prevalence of CVD and associated risk factors The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. Older LEOs 'self select' out of the normal sample population [through retirement or disability], therefore, it is important to explore the prevalence of risk and disease in this group. Very few studies done in the United States have looked at Department of Public Safety retirees. Method: Using the Precede-Proceed Health Promotion Planning Model, retirees (n = 305) were surveyed about risk and disease prevalence. LEOS self-reported morbidity and risk on a 25-question survey. LEOs were solicited for interviews and focus groups by indicating willingness to participate on the survey. The comparison group was respondents (n = 1,716) to the 2005 Wisconsin Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Results: CVD morbidity and risk factor prevalence was alarmingly higher for some variables (in LEOs) than counterparts in the general population: hypertension ( 54.2% vs. 27.6%); hypercholesterolemia (62.5% vs. 61.7%); and diabetes (14.1% vs. 6.6%). CVD morbidity was also found to occur greater than 3 times as often (16.1 vs. 5.2%). Using linear and logistic regression models , employment as a LEO was associated with increased CVD morbidity and this relationship holds after considering several conventional risk factors. Implications: Creative and insightful ways to address health risk are necessary. Researchers might consider looking at both ends of the life continuum to answer difficult questions about when and why risk prevalence increases. Studying older officers may be a key determinant in strategizing interventions to diminish risk and morbidity from CVD in this group.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:31:06Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:31:06Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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