2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/159995
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Social Support, Depression & Functional Status in Older Adult CABS Patients
Abstract:
Social Support, Depression & Functional Status in Older Adult CABS Patients
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Sorensen, Elizabeth, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Wright State University
Contact Address:College of Nursing & Health, 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy., Dayton, OH, 45435, USA
Co-Authors:F. Wang, College of Nursing & Health, Wright State University, Dayton, OH
Older adults CABS patients have poorer outcomes than younger adults, partly due to social isolation. Secondary analysis was performed to investigate relationships among age, gender, social support, depression and functional status. Interviews were conducted in person preoperatively and by telephone 6 weeks postoperatively. Social support was measured by one question: "Who would you rely on in time of trouble?" The Geriatric Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 12 measured depression and functional status. Data were collected on 70 adults (mean 72, SD 6 years). Social support ranged from 1-45 persons (mean 11.8, SD 9.2 persons). Social support was related to preoperative depression (r = -0.24, p = .04). Preoperative depression was related to preoperative functional status (r = -.64, p = .00), postoperative depression (r = .48, p =.00), and postoperative functional status (r = -.44, p = .00). Preoperative functional status was related to postoperative depression (r = -.45, p = .00) and to postoperative functional status (r = .49, p = .00). Postoperative depression was related to postoperative functional status (r = -.79, p = .00). Co-morbidity ranged from 3-14 medical conditions (mean 4.7, SD 2.1 conditions). Co-morbidity was related to preoperative functional status (r = -.24, p = .04) and postoperative depression (r =.40, p = .01). There were no gender differences in age, co-morbidity, social support, or postoperative length of stay. Females were more depressed and had poorer functional status than males both preoperatively and postoperatively. Greater social isolation was related to higher preoperative depression in this sample. Preoperative depression was related to poorer functional status both pre- and postoperatively, and with higher postoperative depression. Greater co-morbidity was related to poorer preoperative functional status. Social support, depression, and functional status are amenable to nursing intervention. Older adult CABS patients' outcomes might improve if nurses preoperatively assess for and intervene to improve social support, depression, and functional status. The results support prior findings that older females have poorer functional status and greater depression than older male CABS patients.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSocial Support, Depression & Functional Status in Older Adult CABS Patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/159995-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Social Support, Depression &amp; Functional Status in Older Adult CABS Patients</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sorensen, Elizabeth, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Wright State University</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing &amp; Health, 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy., Dayton, OH, 45435, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">elizabeth.sorensen@wright.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">F. Wang, College of Nursing &amp; Health, Wright State University, Dayton, OH</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Older adults CABS patients have poorer outcomes than younger adults, partly due to social isolation. Secondary analysis was performed to investigate relationships among age, gender, social support, depression and functional status. Interviews were conducted in person preoperatively and by telephone 6 weeks postoperatively. Social support was measured by one question: &quot;Who would you rely on in time of trouble?&quot; The Geriatric Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 12 measured depression and functional status. Data were collected on 70 adults (mean 72, SD 6 years). Social support ranged from 1-45 persons (mean 11.8, SD 9.2 persons). Social support was related to preoperative depression (r = -0.24, p = .04). Preoperative depression was related to preoperative functional status (r = -.64, p = .00), postoperative depression (r = .48, p =.00), and postoperative functional status (r = -.44, p = .00). Preoperative functional status was related to postoperative depression (r = -.45, p = .00) and to postoperative functional status (r = .49, p = .00). Postoperative depression was related to postoperative functional status (r = -.79, p = .00). Co-morbidity ranged from 3-14 medical conditions (mean 4.7, SD 2.1 conditions). Co-morbidity was related to preoperative functional status (r = -.24, p = .04) and postoperative depression (r =.40, p = .01). There were no gender differences in age, co-morbidity, social support, or postoperative length of stay. Females were more depressed and had poorer functional status than males both preoperatively and postoperatively. Greater social isolation was related to higher preoperative depression in this sample. Preoperative depression was related to poorer functional status both pre- and postoperatively, and with higher postoperative depression. Greater co-morbidity was related to poorer preoperative functional status. Social support, depression, and functional status are amenable to nursing intervention. Older adult CABS patients' outcomes might improve if nurses preoperatively assess for and intervene to improve social support, depression, and functional status. The results support prior findings that older females have poorer functional status and greater depression than older male CABS patients.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:31:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:31:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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