Choosing an Appropriate Depression Screening Assessment Instrument for Chinese Elders

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160011
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Choosing an Appropriate Depression Screening Assessment Instrument for Chinese Elders
Abstract:
Choosing an Appropriate Depression Screening Assessment Instrument for Chinese Elders
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Wu, Chiung-man
P.I. Institution Name:University of Iowa
Contact Address:College of Nursing, Iowa City, IA, 52246, USA
Co-Authors:L. Skemp Kelley, College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
Depression is one of the most common psychological problems of Chinese elders. Although there are many depression instruments developed by researchers in the Western culture, these instruments need to be considered as to there appropriateness for assessing depression in Chinese elders. The purpose of this paper is to compare the advantages and limitations of depression screening instruments for Chinese elders and provide recommendations for clinical staff to choose an appropriate instrument. Method: A systemic review was used to evaluate current depression screening instruments for Chinese elders. A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE database was conducted using "depression," "Chinese or Taiwanese," "GDS" (Geriatric Depression Scale), "HAD" ( Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), "SDS" (Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale), "CES-D" (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), and "BDI" ( Beck Depression Inventory) as the keywords. Review items included name of scale, author(s), setting, sample size, items, score range, cut off point, inter-rater reliability, validity, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative value. Findings: Twelve articles focusing on testing the psychometric properties or developing instruments on Chinese elderly people were found. The GDS-15 has been translated and tested by four researchers in five studies. The GDS-4, Chinese GDS-15, TDQ (Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire) and CDI (Chinese Depression Inventory) are new instruments developed by researchers specifically for elder Chinese people. All of these instruments have reported acceptable psychometric properties and cut-off scores. The Single Question and GDS-4 have the advantage of ease in admission and short testing time. Recommendations: While additional research is needed, a recommended strategy to efficiently assess depression in Chinese elders is to first administer the Single Question or GDS-4 (Geriatric Depression Scale). If depression is likely, the Chinese GDS-15 could be used to increase the probability of identifying depression among Chinese elders.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChoosing an Appropriate Depression Screening Assessment Instrument for Chinese Eldersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160011-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Choosing an Appropriate Depression Screening Assessment Instrument for Chinese Elders</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wu, Chiung-man</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Iowa</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, Iowa City, IA, 52246, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">x3086@mail.meiho.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">L. Skemp Kelley, College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Depression is one of the most common psychological problems of Chinese elders. Although there are many depression instruments developed by researchers in the Western culture, these instruments need to be considered as to there appropriateness for assessing depression in Chinese elders. The purpose of this paper is to compare the advantages and limitations of depression screening instruments for Chinese elders and provide recommendations for clinical staff to choose an appropriate instrument. Method: A systemic review was used to evaluate current depression screening instruments for Chinese elders. A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE database was conducted using &quot;depression,&quot; &quot;Chinese or Taiwanese,&quot; &quot;GDS&quot; (Geriatric Depression Scale), &quot;HAD&quot; ( Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), &quot;SDS&quot; (Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale), &quot;CES-D&quot; (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), and &quot;BDI&quot; ( Beck Depression Inventory) as the keywords. Review items included name of scale, author(s), setting, sample size, items, score range, cut off point, inter-rater reliability, validity, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative value. Findings: Twelve articles focusing on testing the psychometric properties or developing instruments on Chinese elderly people were found. The GDS-15 has been translated and tested by four researchers in five studies. The GDS-4, Chinese GDS-15, TDQ (Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire) and CDI (Chinese Depression Inventory) are new instruments developed by researchers specifically for elder Chinese people. All of these instruments have reported acceptable psychometric properties and cut-off scores. The Single Question and GDS-4 have the advantage of ease in admission and short testing time. Recommendations: While additional research is needed, a recommended strategy to efficiently assess depression in Chinese elders is to first administer the Single Question or GDS-4 (Geriatric Depression Scale). If depression is likely, the Chinese GDS-15 could be used to increase the probability of identifying depression among Chinese elders.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:32:33Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:32:33Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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