Effects of a Hospital-Wide Tobacco-Free Policy on Inpatient Psychiatric Patients and Staff

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160012
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of a Hospital-Wide Tobacco-Free Policy on Inpatient Psychiatric Patients and Staff
Abstract:
Effects of a Hospital-Wide Tobacco-Free Policy on Inpatient Psychiatric Patients and Staff
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Wynd, Christine, PhD, RN, CNAA
P.I. Institution Name:University of Akron
Contact Address:Nursing, Akron, OH, 44325-3701, USA
Co-Authors:W.J. Franklin, Nursing, University of Akron, Akron, OH
Smoking prevalence in the general U.S. adult population is 21%; yet, in psychiatric patient populations the prevalence ranges from 70% to 84%. More prevalent and heavier smoking leads to increased premature mortality rates in psychiatric patients. Hospitals today are rapidly becoming tobacco-free due to concerns for the general health and safety of patients, visitors, and staff; however, there is concern that non-smoking policies will increase psychiatric patients' negative behaviors. The purpose of this descriptive study is to examine the effects of a tobacco-free policy on inpatient psychiatric patients and the staff members who provide their care. Data will be collected before and after implementation of the tobacco-free policy and the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM) will serve as an organizing framework. The sample will include approximately 400 patients and 30 staff members. Questionnaire data collection, patient medical records review, and staff focus groups will provide study data. Data to be collected include the TTM variables (stages of change, pros and cons of smoking, self-efficacy/temptation to smoke, processes of change), negative behavioral indicators relating to anger, anxiety, depression and counts of aggressive and agitated behaviors. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be used to analyze and report research data. All variables will be described as group means both before and after implementation of the tobacco-free policy. Differences in study variables before and after implementation of the tobacco-free policy will be analyzed using paired t-tests for matching sets of participant data (same subject pre- and post-policy data), and differences in unpaired data will be analyzed using independent t-tests (counts of negative behavioral indicators). Relationships among study variables will be analyzed using Pearson Product Moment correlations. Focus group data will be qualitatively analyzed using content analysis with identification of themes and patterns from the transcribed audiotaped data.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of a Hospital-Wide Tobacco-Free Policy on Inpatient Psychiatric Patients and Staffen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160012-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of a Hospital-Wide Tobacco-Free Policy on Inpatient Psychiatric Patients and Staff</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wynd, Christine, PhD, RN, CNAA</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Akron</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Nursing, Akron, OH, 44325-3701, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cwynd@uakron.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">W.J. Franklin, Nursing, University of Akron, Akron, OH</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Smoking prevalence in the general U.S. adult population is 21%; yet, in psychiatric patient populations the prevalence ranges from 70% to 84%. More prevalent and heavier smoking leads to increased premature mortality rates in psychiatric patients. Hospitals today are rapidly becoming tobacco-free due to concerns for the general health and safety of patients, visitors, and staff; however, there is concern that non-smoking policies will increase psychiatric patients' negative behaviors. The purpose of this descriptive study is to examine the effects of a tobacco-free policy on inpatient psychiatric patients and the staff members who provide their care. Data will be collected before and after implementation of the tobacco-free policy and the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM) will serve as an organizing framework. The sample will include approximately 400 patients and 30 staff members. Questionnaire data collection, patient medical records review, and staff focus groups will provide study data. Data to be collected include the TTM variables (stages of change, pros and cons of smoking, self-efficacy/temptation to smoke, processes of change), negative behavioral indicators relating to anger, anxiety, depression and counts of aggressive and agitated behaviors. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be used to analyze and report research data. All variables will be described as group means both before and after implementation of the tobacco-free policy. Differences in study variables before and after implementation of the tobacco-free policy will be analyzed using paired t-tests for matching sets of participant data (same subject pre- and post-policy data), and differences in unpaired data will be analyzed using independent t-tests (counts of negative behavioral indicators). Relationships among study variables will be analyzed using Pearson Product Moment correlations. Focus group data will be qualitatively analyzed using content analysis with identification of themes and patterns from the transcribed audiotaped data.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:32:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:32:37Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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