2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160026
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Pain, Stiffness and Physical Function in Older Adults
Abstract:
Pain, Stiffness and Physical Function in Older Adults
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Burks, Kathryn, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Missouri-Columbia
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, S420 Sinclair School of Nursing, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA
Contact Telephone:(573) 884-9538
Co-Authors:Marcia Walmer, BSN, Research Assistant
Purpose: To determine the correlation of self-reported pain and stiffness to physical function in older adults with and without a diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Theoretical Framework: The Disablement Model recognizes the link between impairment and functional limitation and was used to guide this research. It is important to identify factors associated with loss of function. Subjects: This descriptive study included 41 community dwelling adults (11 men and 30 women) over 50 with and without a diagnosis of knee OA who were participating in a larger stiffness study. Method: Data were collected using the Western Ontario McMasters University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMACÖ) and the Short Battery of Physical Function Tests. Correlations were computed using Spearman's correlation procedure with a significance level of 0.05. Results: In this sample of older adults, there were no significant correlations between physical function and a diagnosis of OA; therefore, we looked at the group as a whole. Self-reported levels of knee pain were found to be significantly correlated with objective physical performance (r = 0.54, p = 0.003), walking time (r = 0.45, p = 0.003) and sit to stand time (r = 0.59, p < 0.001. Similarly, self-reported stiffness was significantly correlated with walk time (r = 0.32, p = 0.04) and approached significance with total physical performance. In addition, both pain and stiffness were significantly correlated with self-rated physical performance (r = 0.59, p < 0.0001, r = 0.74, p < 0.0001 respectively). Conclusion: Among older adults, knee joint pain and stiffness are commonly reported symptoms regardless of a diagnosis of OA. The findings of this study suggest that these symptoms are associated with decreased mobility and limitations in other functional tasks. It is imperative that we develop and test interventions that address these factors that influence physical function.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePain, Stiffness and Physical Function in Older Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160026-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Pain, Stiffness and Physical Function in Older Adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Burks, Kathryn, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Missouri-Columbia</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, S420 Sinclair School of Nursing, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">(573) 884-9538</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">burksk@missouri.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marcia Walmer, BSN, Research Assistant</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: To determine the correlation of self-reported pain and stiffness to physical function in older adults with and without a diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Theoretical Framework: The Disablement Model recognizes the link between impairment and functional limitation and was used to guide this research. It is important to identify factors associated with loss of function. Subjects: This descriptive study included 41 community dwelling adults (11 men and 30 women) over 50 with and without a diagnosis of knee OA who were participating in a larger stiffness study. Method: Data were collected using the Western Ontario McMasters University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC&Ouml;) and the Short Battery of Physical Function Tests. Correlations were computed using Spearman's correlation procedure with a significance level of 0.05. Results: In this sample of older adults, there were no significant correlations between physical function and a diagnosis of OA; therefore, we looked at the group as a whole. Self-reported levels of knee pain were found to be significantly correlated with objective physical performance (r = 0.54, p = 0.003), walking time (r = 0.45, p = 0.003) and sit to stand time (r = 0.59, p &lt; 0.001. Similarly, self-reported stiffness was significantly correlated with walk time (r = 0.32, p = 0.04) and approached significance with total physical performance. In addition, both pain and stiffness were significantly correlated with self-rated physical performance (r = 0.59, p &lt; 0.0001, r = 0.74, p &lt; 0.0001 respectively). Conclusion: Among older adults, knee joint pain and stiffness are commonly reported symptoms regardless of a diagnosis of OA. The findings of this study suggest that these symptoms are associated with decreased mobility and limitations in other functional tasks. It is imperative that we develop and test interventions that address these factors that influence physical function.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:33:24Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:33:24Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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