2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160126
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Social Support Physical Activity Intervention for Women
Abstract:
A Social Support Physical Activity Intervention for Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Peterson, Jane, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Missouri Kansas City
Contact Address:Nursing, Kansas City, MO, 68104, USA
Co-Authors:B. Yates, College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
Physical activity is associated with health and reduced risk of mortality. Yet, only 15% of U.S. adults are sufficiently active to diminish their risk for chronic diseases. The Healthy People 2010 Goals advise adults to attain 30 minutes of moderate activity daily, with fewer women than men meeting these recommendations. Earlier descriptive studies indicated that in community settings, social support was related to greater levels of physical activity. However, few social support interventions to increase physical activity are available. This study investigates the effectiveness of the Heart and Soul Physical Activity Program (HSPAP) (c) (Peterson, 2001) in promoting physical activity in midlife women, aged 35-65 years. The HSPAP is an innovative church-based program with intervention strategies conceptualized through appraisal, belonging, tangible and self-esteem domains of social support (based on Wills' [1985] Social Comparison Theory). An experimental repeated measures (baseline, 6 and 12 weeks) nested design was used with randomization of two similar rural communities to intervention or comparison groups, with 2 churches per community (n=42 women). The primary study aim was to determine the effectiveness of the HSPAP in increasing physical activity, energy expenditure (EE) (both measured by the 7-day physical activity recall), and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) (measured by the Rockport Walk Test) in women compared with an information only group. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to test the hypotheses. A significant group by time interaction was found for energy expenditure as one HSPAP church group increased their EE by 1,010 kcals/week in the 12 week intervention. HSPAP participants increased their VO2max by 75% and 10% in the two church groups; comparison group participants stayed the same or declined 16% in VO2max. Patterns favoring the intervention groups were seen in minutes of PA per week but did not reach statistical significance. Results of this study provide preliminary support for the HSPAP intervention as an effective treatment to improve the physical activity levels of sedentary, rural midlife women.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Social Support Physical Activity Intervention for Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160126-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Social Support Physical Activity Intervention for Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Peterson, Jane, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Missouri Kansas City</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Nursing, Kansas City, MO, 68104, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">petersonja@umkc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">B. Yates, College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Physical activity is associated with health and reduced risk of mortality. Yet, only 15% of U.S. adults are sufficiently active to diminish their risk for chronic diseases. The Healthy People 2010 Goals advise adults to attain 30 minutes of moderate activity daily, with fewer women than men meeting these recommendations. Earlier descriptive studies indicated that in community settings, social support was related to greater levels of physical activity. However, few social support interventions to increase physical activity are available. This study investigates the effectiveness of the Heart and Soul Physical Activity Program (HSPAP) (c) (Peterson, 2001) in promoting physical activity in midlife women, aged 35-65 years. The HSPAP is an innovative church-based program with intervention strategies conceptualized through appraisal, belonging, tangible and self-esteem domains of social support (based on Wills' [1985] Social Comparison Theory). An experimental repeated measures (baseline, 6 and 12 weeks) nested design was used with randomization of two similar rural communities to intervention or comparison groups, with 2 churches per community (n=42 women). The primary study aim was to determine the effectiveness of the HSPAP in increasing physical activity, energy expenditure (EE) (both measured by the 7-day physical activity recall), and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) (measured by the Rockport Walk Test) in women compared with an information only group. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to test the hypotheses. A significant group by time interaction was found for energy expenditure as one HSPAP church group increased their EE by 1,010 kcals/week in the 12 week intervention. HSPAP participants increased their VO2max by 75% and 10% in the two church groups; comparison group participants stayed the same or declined 16% in VO2max. Patterns favoring the intervention groups were seen in minutes of PA per week but did not reach statistical significance. Results of this study provide preliminary support for the HSPAP intervention as an effective treatment to improve the physical activity levels of sedentary, rural midlife women.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:39:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:39:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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