2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160159
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Predictors of Postpartum Depression in Thai Adolescent Mothers
Abstract:
Predictors of Postpartum Depression in Thai Adolescent Mothers
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Srisaeng, Pakvilai, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Title:Instructor
Contact Address:Midwifery Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Muang, Khon Kaeng, Thailand
Contact Telephone:01166-43-202-407
Adolescent pregnancy is an important social and public health problem
in Thailand accounting for 13.0% of all pregnancies annually. In Thailand,
premarital relations are forbidden. Pregnancy out of marriage is
considered dishonorable and a serious act of disobedience, bringing
rejection by peers and great shame upon the family. As a result,
adolescents are expelled from school, resulting in lifelong inadequate
education. Research in countries other than Thailand reveals that
adolescent pregnancy is associated with postpartum depression.
Self-esteem, stressful life events, and social support are also associated
with postpartum depression but primarily in adult mothers in western
countries.
This cross-sectional, prospective, correlational study examined the: 1)
relationships between self-esteem and stressful life events with
postpartum depression, 2) moderating effect of social support on
postpartum depression, and 3) effects of maternal characteristics (age,
education, parity, marital status, family income, employment status, and
unintended pregnancy) on postpartum depression. The convenience sample
consisted of 119 adolescent mothers, ages 14 to 19, from northern
Thailand. Participants completed self-report questionnaires of self-esteem
(Rosenberg, 1965), stressful life events (Norbeck, 1984), social support
(MSPSS, Zimet, et al, 1988), postpartum depression (CES-D, Radloff, 1977),
at six weeks postpartum.
Fifty five percent of adolescents had a CES-D score of 16 or greater
indicating a high level of depressive symptoms, with 21% scoring 23 or
greater indicating the need for psychiatric referral. Self-esteem,
stressful life events, social support, and maternal characteristics
explained 43.4% (adjusted) of the variance in overall postpartum
depression. When controlling for maternal characteristics, only
self-esteem and negative stressful life events were significant predictors
of postpartum depression (beta=-.368, p < .000 and beta=.451, p < .000,
respectively). There is a need to identify adolescent mothers who have low
self-esteem and experience high negative stressful life events because
they are at increased risk for postpartum depression.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePredictors of Postpartum Depression in Thai Adolescent Mothersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160159-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Predictors of Postpartum Depression in Thai Adolescent Mothers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Srisaeng, Pakvilai, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Khon Kaen University, Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Midwifery Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Muang, Khon Kaeng, Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">01166-43-202-407</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pakvilai@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Adolescent pregnancy is an important social and public health problem <br/> in Thailand accounting for 13.0% of all pregnancies annually. In Thailand, <br/> premarital relations are forbidden. Pregnancy out of marriage is <br/> considered dishonorable and a serious act of disobedience, bringing <br/> rejection by peers and great shame upon the family. As a result, <br/> adolescents are expelled from school, resulting in lifelong inadequate <br/> education. Research in countries other than Thailand reveals that <br/> adolescent pregnancy is associated with postpartum depression. <br/> Self-esteem, stressful life events, and social support are also associated <br/> with postpartum depression but primarily in adult mothers in western <br/> countries. <br/> This cross-sectional, prospective, correlational study examined the: 1) <br/> relationships between self-esteem and stressful life events with <br/> postpartum depression, 2) moderating effect of social support on <br/> postpartum depression, and 3) effects of maternal characteristics (age, <br/> education, parity, marital status, family income, employment status, and <br/> unintended pregnancy) on postpartum depression. The convenience sample <br/> consisted of 119 adolescent mothers, ages 14 to 19, from northern <br/> Thailand. Participants completed self-report questionnaires of self-esteem <br/> (Rosenberg, 1965), stressful life events (Norbeck, 1984), social support <br/> (MSPSS, Zimet, et al, 1988), postpartum depression (CES-D, Radloff, 1977), <br/> at six weeks postpartum. <br/> Fifty five percent of adolescents had a CES-D score of 16 or greater <br/> indicating a high level of depressive symptoms, with 21% scoring 23 or <br/> greater indicating the need for psychiatric referral. Self-esteem, <br/> stressful life events, social support, and maternal characteristics <br/> explained 43.4% (adjusted) of the variance in overall postpartum <br/> depression. When controlling for maternal characteristics, only <br/> self-esteem and negative stressful life events were significant predictors <br/> of postpartum depression (beta=-.368, p &lt; .000 and beta=.451, p &lt; .000, <br/> respectively). There is a need to identify adolescent mothers who have low <br/> self-esteem and experience high negative stressful life events because <br/> they are at increased risk for postpartum depression.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:40:52Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:40:52Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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