Preliminary Results of a RCT of an Intervention to Prevent HIV Among Women at High Risk

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160230
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Preliminary Results of a RCT of an Intervention to Prevent HIV Among Women at High Risk
Abstract:
Preliminary Results of a RCT of an Intervention to Prevent HIV Among Women at High Risk
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2007
Author:Mallory, Caroline, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Illinois State University
Contact Address:Mennonite College of Nursing, 204 Edwards Hall, CB 5810, Normal, IL, 61790, USA
Co-Authors:M. Hesson-McInnis, Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, IL
Women engaged in high risk activities such as drug use and sex trading are more likely to become infected with HIV. This pilot study is designed to test an intervention based on the concepts of self-efficacy, gender and power, and awakening. To date, 44 women have been enrolled from county detention facilities, drug treatment centers, and STD clinics in central Illinois. On average, women are 35 years old, have a high school education, and a median income $400.00 per month. Most women are African American (58%) or White (35%). All report being HIV negative. Women were randomized to intervention and comparison groups. The intervention, titled "Women First!", is 12 hours of HIV/AIDS information, male and female condom applications skill training, and training in assertive sexual communication. The comparison group received 12 hours of health related information on stress management, exercise, nutrition and prevention of cancer and heart disease. Pretest data were collected prior to random assignment, and posttest data were collected one week after the training. Future follow-up data collection are planned at three and six months. A series of t-tests confirmed the equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups on demographic variables at pretest. The primary dependent variable of interest was unprotected vaginal intercourse, a weighted average of self-reported unprotected vaginal intercourse in the last three months, last week and last 24 hours. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to determine the effect of the intervention from pretest to posttest, revealing a significant time by intervention interaction effect, Wilks' Lambda = .755, F(1,17) = 5.506, p = .031. These preliminary findings suggest the intervention is having the desired effect. However, follow-up data collection at the three and six month point are necessary to determine long term effects.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePreliminary Results of a RCT of an Intervention to Prevent HIV Among Women at High Risken_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160230-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Preliminary Results of a RCT of an Intervention to Prevent HIV Among Women at High Risk</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Mallory, Caroline, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Illinois State University</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Mennonite College of Nursing, 204 Edwards Hall, CB 5810, Normal, IL, 61790, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cmmallo@ilstu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">M. Hesson-McInnis, Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, IL</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Women engaged in high risk activities such as drug use and sex trading are more likely to become infected with HIV. This pilot study is designed to test an intervention based on the concepts of self-efficacy, gender and power, and awakening. To date, 44 women have been enrolled from county detention facilities, drug treatment centers, and STD clinics in central Illinois. On average, women are 35 years old, have a high school education, and a median income $400.00 per month. Most women are African American (58%) or White (35%). All report being HIV negative. Women were randomized to intervention and comparison groups. The intervention, titled &quot;Women First!&quot;, is 12 hours of HIV/AIDS information, male and female condom applications skill training, and training in assertive sexual communication. The comparison group received 12 hours of health related information on stress management, exercise, nutrition and prevention of cancer and heart disease. Pretest data were collected prior to random assignment, and posttest data were collected one week after the training. Future follow-up data collection are planned at three and six months. A series of t-tests confirmed the equivalence of the intervention and comparison groups on demographic variables at pretest. The primary dependent variable of interest was unprotected vaginal intercourse, a weighted average of self-reported unprotected vaginal intercourse in the last three months, last week and last 24 hours. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to determine the effect of the intervention from pretest to posttest, revealing a significant time by intervention interaction effect, Wilks' Lambda = .755, F(1,17) = 5.506, p = .031. These preliminary findings suggest the intervention is having the desired effect. However, follow-up data collection at the three and six month point are necessary to determine long term effects.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:44:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:44:49Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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