Internet/Video Program Reduces Dietary Fat and Increases Physical Activity in Low Income, Culturally Diverse Middle School Students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160249
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Internet/Video Program Reduces Dietary Fat and Increases Physical Activity in Low Income, Culturally Diverse Middle School Students
Abstract:
Internet/Video Program Reduces Dietary Fat and Increases Physical Activity in Low Income, Culturally Diverse Middle School Students
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Frenn, Marilyn, PhD, RN
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:CON, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee,, WI, 53201-1881 , USA
Co-Authors:Shelly Malin, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor
The purpose of this investigation was to examine an 8 session Health Promotion/ Transtheoretical Model (HP/TM) Internet/video-delivered intervention to increase physical activity and reduce fat in diet among low income, culturally diverse 7th grade students. A quasi-experimental design was used with assignment to group by classroom to prevent intervention diffusion. The sample included 137 students (87% free/reduced lunch; 48% Hispanic, 24% Black, 6% Caucasian, 3% Native American, 8% other). Exercise stage was: Maintenance=62 (18.3 %); Action=39 (11.5%); Preparation=11 (3.2); Contemplation=6 (4.7 %); Pre-Contemplation=16 (4.7 %). Low fat diet stages of change were: Pre-Contemplation=56 (16.5%); Contemplation=44 ( 13%); Preparation=25 (7.4%); Action=7 (2.1%); Maintenance=4 (1.2%) RESULTS: The regression of moderate/ vigorous physical activity on HP/TM variables: demographics, stage, social support (family, friend, and classmate) and models (family and friend) (Adj. R2=.17; F (10,51)=2. 201 p=0.033) demonstrated only gender was significant. Those who completed more than half the sessions increased moderate/vigorous activity by an average of 10 minutes, compared to a decrease of 58 minutes for the control (t=-2.014 df 113 p=0.046). The regression of percentage fat in diet on HP/TM variables (Adj. R2=.25; F (10,51)=3. 046 p=0.004) demonstrated stage and models (family and friend) were significant antecedents. Percentage fat in diet decreased from 30.7 to 29.9, whereas those in the control had 31.5 percent fat in diet on pre-test and 31.7 percent on post-test (t=3.06 df 94 p=0.011). Improvements in both dietary fat and exercise corresponded with stage transition. We concluded the HP/TM Internet-delivered intervention improved diet and exercise in low-income, culturally diverse youth, who are at greatest risk for obesity and cardiovascular disease later in life.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInternet/Video Program Reduces Dietary Fat and Increases Physical Activity in Low Income, Culturally Diverse Middle School Studentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160249-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Internet/Video Program Reduces Dietary Fat and Increases Physical Activity in Low Income, Culturally Diverse Middle School Students</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Frenn, Marilyn, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">CON, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee,, WI, 53201-1881 , USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Shelly Malin, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this investigation was to examine an 8 session Health Promotion/ Transtheoretical Model (HP/TM) Internet/video-delivered intervention to increase physical activity and reduce fat in diet among low income, culturally diverse 7th grade students. A quasi-experimental design was used with assignment to group by classroom to prevent intervention diffusion. The sample included 137 students (87% free/reduced lunch; 48% Hispanic, 24% Black, 6% Caucasian, 3% Native American, 8% other). Exercise stage was: Maintenance=62 (18.3 %); Action=39 (11.5%); Preparation=11 (3.2); Contemplation=6 (4.7 %); Pre-Contemplation=16 (4.7 %). Low fat diet stages of change were: Pre-Contemplation=56 (16.5%); Contemplation=44 ( 13%); Preparation=25 (7.4%); Action=7 (2.1%); Maintenance=4 (1.2%) RESULTS: The regression of moderate/ vigorous physical activity on HP/TM variables: demographics, stage, social support (family, friend, and classmate) and models (family and friend) (Adj. R2=.17; F (10,51)=2. 201 p=0.033) demonstrated only gender was significant. Those who completed more than half the sessions increased moderate/vigorous activity by an average of 10 minutes, compared to a decrease of 58 minutes for the control (t=-2.014 df 113 p=0.046). The regression of percentage fat in diet on HP/TM variables (Adj. R2=.25; F (10,51)=3. 046 p=0.004) demonstrated stage and models (family and friend) were significant antecedents. Percentage fat in diet decreased from 30.7 to 29.9, whereas those in the control had 31.5 percent fat in diet on pre-test and 31.7 percent on post-test (t=3.06 df 94 p=0.011). Improvements in both dietary fat and exercise corresponded with stage transition. We concluded the HP/TM Internet-delivered intervention improved diet and exercise in low-income, culturally diverse youth, who are at greatest risk for obesity and cardiovascular disease later in life.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:45:53Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:45:53Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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