Influence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of women whose spouses have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160276
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Influence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of women whose spouses have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery
Abstract:
Influence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of women whose spouses have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Marnocha, Suzanne , PhD, MSN, RN, CCRN
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:CON, 800 Algoma Blvd., Oshkosh, WI, 54901-8660, USA
Purpose: To describe the influence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of older women in relation to the coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) of their spouse. Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework for this study combined Lazarus and Folkman’s theory of stress and coping and Wagnild and Young’s resilience theory. Subjects: The sample was 96 women 55 years or older, whose spouses underwent CABG in the previous three months within one of five Midwestern hospitals Method: A survey included instruments to assess demographics, stress (Family Inventory of Life Events: McCubbin, Patterson & Wilson, 1983), cognitive appraisal (Spouse Perception Scale: Palmer, 1965; Silva, 1976) resilience (Resilience Scale: Wagnild & Young, 1993), social support (Social Support Inventory: McCubbin, Patterson & Glynn), and coping (Ways of Coping Questionnaire: Folkman & Lazarus, 1988). Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were used to answer the research questions. Results: In regression analyses seeking to predict different ways of coping, demographic variables had an unexpectedly strong role. Higher levels of resilience, positive CABG appraisal, and seeking social support, had most frequent and consistent positive correlations with positive reappraisal coping and distancing coping and were associated with lower levels of reported stress. Conclusions: Personal characteristics such as resilience and family characteristics predicted ways of coping with CABG. This study has implications for nursing practice to better identify and support the coping efforts of nonresilient women. This research was supported by the Eta Pi Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau International research grant for 2002.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInfluence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of women whose spouses have undergone coronary artery bypass surgeryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160276-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Influence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of women whose spouses have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Marnocha, Suzanne , PhD, MSN, RN, CCRN</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">CON, 800 Algoma Blvd., Oshkosh, WI, 54901-8660, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: To describe the influence of stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience and social support on coping of older women in relation to the coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) of their spouse. Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework for this study combined Lazarus and Folkman&rsquo;s theory of stress and coping and Wagnild and Young&rsquo;s resilience theory. Subjects: The sample was 96 women 55 years or older, whose spouses underwent CABG in the previous three months within one of five Midwestern hospitals Method: A survey included instruments to assess demographics, stress (Family Inventory of Life Events: McCubbin, Patterson &amp; Wilson, 1983), cognitive appraisal (Spouse Perception Scale: Palmer, 1965; Silva, 1976) resilience (Resilience Scale: Wagnild &amp; Young, 1993), social support (Social Support Inventory: McCubbin, Patterson &amp; Glynn), and coping (Ways of Coping Questionnaire: Folkman &amp; Lazarus, 1988). Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were used to answer the research questions. Results: In regression analyses seeking to predict different ways of coping, demographic variables had an unexpectedly strong role. Higher levels of resilience, positive CABG appraisal, and seeking social support, had most frequent and consistent positive correlations with positive reappraisal coping and distancing coping and were associated with lower levels of reported stress. Conclusions: Personal characteristics such as resilience and family characteristics predicted ways of coping with CABG. This study has implications for nursing practice to better identify and support the coping efforts of nonresilient women. This research was supported by the Eta Pi Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau International research grant for 2002. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:47:24Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:47:24Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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