2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160281
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Exercise Adherence in Adults with Osteoarthritis
Abstract:
Exercise Adherence in Adults with Osteoarthritis
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Nelson, Dianne, MSN, RN
Contact Address:Community and Mental Health Nursing, 2701 Krishire Dr, Charleston, IL, 61920, USA
The purpose of this ongoing study is to examine the relationship between adherence to an eight-week, home-based, muscle-strength-training program and improvements in knee pain, quadriceps muscle strength, and knee proprioception in adults with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. A number of randomized clinical trials have established the safety and effectiveness of strength-training exercise for decreasing pain and increasing muscle-strength in patients with OA. The effect of exercise on knee proprioception has not been explored in depth. Adherence to the exercise program enables adults to gain maximum benefit from the intervention. However, little information about exercise adherence for people with OA has been reported in the literature. The study uses a pre-test post-test design to examine baseline to post-intervention measures of knee pain, quadriceps muscle strength, and knee proprioception in adult subjects 45 to 75 years of age participating in an eight-week, home-based, muscle-strength-training program. Paired t-tests are being used to examine changes from baseline to post-intervention measures of pain, strength, and proprioception. The relationship between exercise adherence and rates of improvement in pain, strength, and proprioception is being examined using Pearson’s or Spearman’s rank correlations depending on the distribution of the data. The relationships between exercise self-efficacy and self-determinism for exercise and rates of adherence in subjects participating in the exercise regime are also studied using Pearson’s or Spearman’s rank correlations. The Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior (IMCHB) provides the theoretical context for the study. This model is ideally suited to guide this study because it was developed to describe the complex antecedents of health behaviors such as adherence. The model also allows examination of other health outcomes such as the health status indicators of muscle strength, pain, and proprioception.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleExercise Adherence in Adults with Osteoarthritisen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160281-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Exercise Adherence in Adults with Osteoarthritis</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Nelson, Dianne, MSN, RN </td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Community and Mental Health Nursing, 2701 Krishire Dr, Charleston, IL, 61920, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this ongoing study is to examine the relationship between adherence to an eight-week, home-based, muscle-strength-training program and improvements in knee pain, quadriceps muscle strength, and knee proprioception in adults with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. A number of randomized clinical trials have established the safety and effectiveness of strength-training exercise for decreasing pain and increasing muscle-strength in patients with OA. The effect of exercise on knee proprioception has not been explored in depth. Adherence to the exercise program enables adults to gain maximum benefit from the intervention. However, little information about exercise adherence for people with OA has been reported in the literature. The study uses a pre-test post-test design to examine baseline to post-intervention measures of knee pain, quadriceps muscle strength, and knee proprioception in adult subjects 45 to 75 years of age participating in an eight-week, home-based, muscle-strength-training program. Paired t-tests are being used to examine changes from baseline to post-intervention measures of pain, strength, and proprioception. The relationship between exercise adherence and rates of improvement in pain, strength, and proprioception is being examined using Pearson&rsquo;s or Spearman&rsquo;s rank correlations depending on the distribution of the data. The relationships between exercise self-efficacy and self-determinism for exercise and rates of adherence in subjects participating in the exercise regime are also studied using Pearson&rsquo;s or Spearman&rsquo;s rank correlations. The Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior (IMCHB) provides the theoretical context for the study. This model is ideally suited to guide this study because it was developed to describe the complex antecedents of health behaviors such as adherence. The model also allows examination of other health outcomes such as the health status indicators of muscle strength, pain, and proprioception.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:47:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:47:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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