An Actor and a Partner Effect on Family Hardiness: Icelandic and American Families of Young Children with Asthma

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160300
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Actor and a Partner Effect on Family Hardiness: Icelandic and American Families of Young Children with Asthma
Abstract:
An Actor and a Partner Effect on Family Hardiness: Icelandic and American Families of Young Children with Asthma
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2004
Author:Svavarsdottir, Erla, PhD, RN
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:, Eirberg Eiriksgata 34, Reykjavik, IS-101, Iceland
Co-Authors:Mary Kay Rayens, PhD, Associate Professor
Research on hardiness, a resilience factor that fosters adaptation over time, has been widely studied from an individual perspective, but less from the viewpoint of the family unit. In particular, no study was found that assessed how members of a couple interact to affect their family’s hardiness. Consideration of this dyadic phenomenon may provide unique insight about how family members interact with each other faced with a challenge, such as the chronic illness of a child. The Resiliency model served as the conceptual framework for the study. Aims. To (a) assess whether there are cultural and gender differences in parents’ general well-being (including a total score and six subscales), sense of coherence and perception of family hardiness when they have a young child with asthma; and (b) to examine the effects of parents’ sense of coherence and the six well-being subscales on the outcome of family hardiness. Methods. The sample consisted of 137 couples (76 from Iceland and 61 from the US), each having a young child with chronic asthma. T-tests and chi-square tests were used to assess demographic differences between the two countries. Pearson’s correlation was used to determine associations among study variables. Analysis of covariance was used to compare variables between mothers and fathers and between countries. Both mother and father assessments of the well-being subscales and sense of coherence, with gender and nationality, were potential predictors of family hardiness using a regression technique designed for dyads. Results. The most striking differences in well-being were between mothers and fathers. Family hardiness differed between countries. The regression indicated that the individual’s sense of coherence, depression and positive well-being (all actor effects), as well as the partner’s anxiety (partner effect) all contributed significantly to family hardiness, as did nationality. Conclusion. These findings can be used to tailor interventions for families of young children with chronic illness in Western societies.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Actor and a Partner Effect on Family Hardiness: Icelandic and American Families of Young Children with Asthmaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160300-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An Actor and a Partner Effect on Family Hardiness: Icelandic and American Families of Young Children with Asthma </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Svavarsdottir, Erla, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">, Eirberg Eiriksgata 34, Reykjavik, IS-101, Iceland</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mary Kay Rayens, PhD, Associate Professor </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Research on hardiness, a resilience factor that fosters adaptation over time, has been widely studied from an individual perspective, but less from the viewpoint of the family unit. In particular, no study was found that assessed how members of a couple interact to affect their family&rsquo;s hardiness. Consideration of this dyadic phenomenon may provide unique insight about how family members interact with each other faced with a challenge, such as the chronic illness of a child. The Resiliency model served as the conceptual framework for the study. Aims. To (a) assess whether there are cultural and gender differences in parents&rsquo; general well-being (including a total score and six subscales), sense of coherence and perception of family hardiness when they have a young child with asthma; and (b) to examine the effects of parents&rsquo; sense of coherence and the six well-being subscales on the outcome of family hardiness. Methods. The sample consisted of 137 couples (76 from Iceland and 61 from the US), each having a young child with chronic asthma. T-tests and chi-square tests were used to assess demographic differences between the two countries. Pearson&rsquo;s correlation was used to determine associations among study variables. Analysis of covariance was used to compare variables between mothers and fathers and between countries. Both mother and father assessments of the well-being subscales and sense of coherence, with gender and nationality, were potential predictors of family hardiness using a regression technique designed for dyads. Results. The most striking differences in well-being were between mothers and fathers. Family hardiness differed between countries. The regression indicated that the individual&rsquo;s sense of coherence, depression and positive well-being (all actor effects), as well as the partner&rsquo;s anxiety (partner effect) all contributed significantly to family hardiness, as did nationality. Conclusion. These findings can be used to tailor interventions for families of young children with chronic illness in Western societies.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:48:44Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:48:44Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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