2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160407
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Influencing Nutritional Adequacy in Low-Income Pregnant Women
Abstract:
Factors Influencing Nutritional Adequacy in Low-Income Pregnant Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Fowles, Eileen
Contact Address:Mennonite College of Nursing, Campus Box 5810, Normal, IL, 61790-5810, USA
Co-Authors:Marcena Gabrielson
Adequate dietary intake during pregnancy has a profound effect on fetal and maternal health. Thus, examining variables that influence pregnant women's dietary adequacy may enhance fetal and maternal health. The purpose of this project was to describe, using Pender's Health Promotion Model (1986), the relationship of low-income pregnant women's prior health behavior, perceived benefits and self-efficacy to nutritional adequacy in the first trimester of pregnancy. This descriptive, correlational study utilized a demographic questionnaire, the Prenatal Health Questionnaire, the Perceived Health Competency Scale, the Maternal Nutritional Knowledge, and the Fetal Health Locus of Control Scale. Nutritional adequacy was assessed using the Dietary Score, which was based on a 24-hour dietary recall. Participants included low-income, pregnant women (N=69) in their first trimester of pregnancy (x=10 weeks) who receive food supplementation coupons. Average age of the women was 24 years, most were Caucasian (73%), unmarried (75%), in their first pregnancy (77%), with an income of <$20 K/yr (87%). Many women did not eat the recommended number servings of meat (45%), milk (55%), vegetables (62%), fruits (65%), or bread (52%) nor did they achieve nutritional adequacy. Healthy prior behaviors toward nutrition were positively related nutritional adequacy (r=.32., p < .01) and overall prenatal health (r=.79, p < .01). No relationship was noted between dietary adequacy and other health promotion-specific variables. Perceived health competency scores were negatively related to locus of control for fetal health attributed to chance (r=-.26, p < .05) or powerful others (r=-.37, p < .01). The findings of this study suggest that low-income women are not meeting the nutritional requirements of pregnancy and that further research is needed to identify factors that influence healthy eating behaviors and to develop effective interventions that enhance nutrition in low-income pregnant women. AN: MN030167
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Influencing Nutritional Adequacy in Low-Income Pregnant Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160407-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Factors Influencing Nutritional Adequacy in Low-Income Pregnant Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Fowles, Eileen</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Mennonite College of Nursing, Campus Box 5810, Normal, IL, 61790-5810, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marcena Gabrielson </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Adequate dietary intake during pregnancy has a profound effect on fetal and maternal health. Thus, examining variables that influence pregnant women's dietary adequacy may enhance fetal and maternal health. The purpose of this project was to describe, using Pender's Health Promotion Model (1986), the relationship of low-income pregnant women's prior health behavior, perceived benefits and self-efficacy to nutritional adequacy in the first trimester of pregnancy. This descriptive, correlational study utilized a demographic questionnaire, the Prenatal Health Questionnaire, the Perceived Health Competency Scale, the Maternal Nutritional Knowledge, and the Fetal Health Locus of Control Scale. Nutritional adequacy was assessed using the Dietary Score, which was based on a 24-hour dietary recall. Participants included low-income, pregnant women (N=69) in their first trimester of pregnancy (x=10 weeks) who receive food supplementation coupons. Average age of the women was 24 years, most were Caucasian (73%), unmarried (75%), in their first pregnancy (77%), with an income of &lt;$20 K/yr (87%). Many women did not eat the recommended number servings of meat (45%), milk (55%), vegetables (62%), fruits (65%), or bread (52%) nor did they achieve nutritional adequacy. Healthy prior behaviors toward nutrition were positively related nutritional adequacy (r=.32., p &lt; .01) and overall prenatal health (r=.79, p &lt; .01). No relationship was noted between dietary adequacy and other health promotion-specific variables. Perceived health competency scores were negatively related to locus of control for fetal health attributed to chance (r=-.26, p &lt; .05) or powerful others (r=-.37, p &lt; .01). The findings of this study suggest that low-income women are not meeting the nutritional requirements of pregnancy and that further research is needed to identify factors that influence healthy eating behaviors and to develop effective interventions that enhance nutrition in low-income pregnant women. AN: MN030167 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:54:51Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:54:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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