2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160412
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Risks, Knowledge and Susceptibility of Older African Americans Towards HIV/Aids
Abstract:
Risks, Knowledge and Susceptibility of Older African Americans Towards HIV/Aids
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Jackson, Frances
Contact Address:SON, 18664 Birchcrest Drive, Detroit, MI, 48221, USA
Between 1992 and 1996, the CDC reported that HIV increased in older adults by more than 20%. Twelve percent of those diagnosed with AIDS are 50 or older. Yet HIV/AIDS interventions are still mostly targeted towards young adults. The purpose of this study was to measure the knowledge, risks and perceptions of susceptibility of older adults towards HIV/AIDS. In Phase 1, the AIDS Questionnaire (Rose, 1995) which is based on the Health Belief Model, was mailed to 500 randomly selected African Americans (AA) age 50 and older. The return rate was 31% (n=155). More than 30% of subjects believed one could contract HIV from kissing, from donating blood and that the cause of HIV is unknown. Men reported more sexual encounters (p=0.002), multiple sexual partners (p=0.007), less condom use (p=0.0052) and more frequent AIDS testing than older AA women (p=0.001). A majority, 58.9%, believed AIDS is not a problem among older adults. Although 67.1% of the sample believed their chances of acquiring AIDS was low, 57.9% were either unsure or believed they were susceptible to acquiring the disease. In Phase 2, discussions were held with 8 focus groups (n=108) stratified by gender. All sessions were audiotaped, the transcribed tapes were analyzed using QRS-NUDIST. Themes that emerged showed older AA males consider getting a STD a rite of passage, they are resistant to using a condom related to loss of erectile function, and they validated the risky sexual behavior reflected in the mailed survey. Of particular concern was pension-day sex habits where male subjects shared places in the city one could go the first of the month to have sex with sex workers. Subjects with a history of IVDA reported safer behavior than those from the general population. AN: MN030316
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRisks, Knowledge and Susceptibility of Older African Americans Towards HIV/Aidsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160412-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Risks, Knowledge and Susceptibility of Older African Americans Towards HIV/Aids </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jackson, Frances</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">SON, 18664 Birchcrest Drive, Detroit, MI, 48221, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Between 1992 and 1996, the CDC reported that HIV increased in older adults by more than 20%. Twelve percent of those diagnosed with AIDS are 50 or older. Yet HIV/AIDS interventions are still mostly targeted towards young adults. The purpose of this study was to measure the knowledge, risks and perceptions of susceptibility of older adults towards HIV/AIDS. In Phase 1, the AIDS Questionnaire (Rose, 1995) which is based on the Health Belief Model, was mailed to 500 randomly selected African Americans (AA) age 50 and older. The return rate was 31% (n=155). More than 30% of subjects believed one could contract HIV from kissing, from donating blood and that the cause of HIV is unknown. Men reported more sexual encounters (p=0.002), multiple sexual partners (p=0.007), less condom use (p=0.0052) and more frequent AIDS testing than older AA women (p=0.001). A majority, 58.9%, believed AIDS is not a problem among older adults. Although 67.1% of the sample believed their chances of acquiring AIDS was low, 57.9% were either unsure or believed they were susceptible to acquiring the disease. In Phase 2, discussions were held with 8 focus groups (n=108) stratified by gender. All sessions were audiotaped, the transcribed tapes were analyzed using QRS-NUDIST. Themes that emerged showed older AA males consider getting a STD a rite of passage, they are resistant to using a condom related to loss of erectile function, and they validated the risky sexual behavior reflected in the mailed survey. Of particular concern was pension-day sex habits where male subjects shared places in the city one could go the first of the month to have sex with sex workers. Subjects with a history of IVDA reported safer behavior than those from the general population. AN: MN030316 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T22:55:08Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T22:55:08Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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