Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and General Health in Primary Health Care Patients

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160519
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and General Health in Primary Health Care Patients
Abstract:
Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and General Health in Primary Health Care Patients
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Martsolf, Donna
P.I. Institution Name:Kent State University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, PO Box 5190, Kent, OH, 44242-0001, USA
Contact Telephone:330.672.7930
Current literature suggests that women with a history of childhood maltreatment are troubled by multiple, varied, and vague physical symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate what factors might mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and later health status in adult women using Briere's (1996) self-trauma model. The research questions were: 1. In a group of women seeking primary health care, what percentage have a history of childhood maltreatment, specifically, emotional neglect, physical neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse, and/or sexual abuse? 2. Is there a significant relationship between childhood maltreatment and perceptions of general health and are these relationships mediated by the degree of trauma symptoms? Survey design was used with a sample of 159 women ages 21-83 who were seeking primary health care. Subjects completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Trauma Symptom Checklist, Cohen-Hoberman Inventory of Physical Symptoms, and the SF-36 Health Survey. Forty-seven percent of the women reported a history of childhood maltreatment. Path analysis was used to examine the hypothesized relationships among the variables. Physical neglect predicted physical abuse and emotional neglect predicted physical abuse, sexual abuse, and current trauma symptoms. Current trauma symptoms, in turn, were moderately predictive of general health and strongly predictive of mental health. Interventions by mental health nurses should aim to assist women to resolve issues related to childhood maltreatment in order to positively affect their health status.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRelationship between Childhood Maltreatment and General Health in Primary Health Care Patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160519-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and General Health in Primary Health Care Patients</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Martsolf, Donna</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kent State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, PO Box 5190, Kent, OH, 44242-0001, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">330.672.7930</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">dmartsol@kent.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Current literature suggests that women with a history of childhood maltreatment are troubled by multiple, varied, and vague physical symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate what factors might mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and later health status in adult women using Briere's (1996) self-trauma model. The research questions were: 1. In a group of women seeking primary health care, what percentage have a history of childhood maltreatment, specifically, emotional neglect, physical neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse, and/or sexual abuse? 2. Is there a significant relationship between childhood maltreatment and perceptions of general health and are these relationships mediated by the degree of trauma symptoms? Survey design was used with a sample of 159 women ages 21-83 who were seeking primary health care. Subjects completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Trauma Symptom Checklist, Cohen-Hoberman Inventory of Physical Symptoms, and the SF-36 Health Survey. Forty-seven percent of the women reported a history of childhood maltreatment. Path analysis was used to examine the hypothesized relationships among the variables. Physical neglect predicted physical abuse and emotional neglect predicted physical abuse, sexual abuse, and current trauma symptoms. Current trauma symptoms, in turn, were moderately predictive of general health and strongly predictive of mental health. Interventions by mental health nurses should aim to assist women to resolve issues related to childhood maltreatment in order to positively affect their health status.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:01:17Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:01:17Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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