2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160529
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Improving Nursing Home Communication: an Intervention to Reduce Elderspeak
Abstract:
Improving Nursing Home Communication: an Intervention to Reduce Elderspeak
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Williams, Kristine
P.I. Institution Name:University of Kansas Medical Center
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:School of Nursing, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS, 66160, USA
Contact Telephone:913.588.1656
Improving Nursing Home Communication: An Intervention to Reduce Elderspeak Purpose: Opportunities for social interaction are lacking within today's nursing homes and staff frequently communicate messages of dependence, incompetence, and control to residents. This study evaluated a brief educational program designed to increase staff awareness of intergenerational speech modifications such as elderspeak and strategies to enhance communication. Conceptual Framework: The investigation was based on the Communication Predicament of Aging Model and the Communication Enhancement Model. Sample and Methods: A communication-training program was provided to aides (n=20) in five nursing homes. Audio recordings of staff interacting with residents before and after training were transcribed, coded, and compared on features of elderspeak. Results: After the training aides reduced their use of elderspeak including terms of endearment, inappropriate collective pronouns, and shortened sentence length. In addition, the emotional tone of staff speech with residents was rated as less controlling and more respectful after the training while caring qualities were maintained. Speech rate did not change significantly. Conclusions and Implications: The brief educational program alerting aides to elderspeak and its potential negative effects was effective in reducing the use of elderspeak in aide-resident interactions. Future study will assess the effects of an improved communication environment on resident and staff outcomes. The ultimate goal is that brief communication-training will provide a feasible way to improve the quality of life for residents and staff.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImproving Nursing Home Communication: an Intervention to Reduce Elderspeaken_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160529-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Improving Nursing Home Communication: an Intervention to Reduce Elderspeak</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Williams, Kristine</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Kansas Medical Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS, 66160, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">913.588.1656</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kwilliams1@kumc.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Improving Nursing Home Communication: An Intervention to Reduce Elderspeak Purpose: Opportunities for social interaction are lacking within today's nursing homes and staff frequently communicate messages of dependence, incompetence, and control to residents. This study evaluated a brief educational program designed to increase staff awareness of intergenerational speech modifications such as elderspeak and strategies to enhance communication. Conceptual Framework: The investigation was based on the Communication Predicament of Aging Model and the Communication Enhancement Model. Sample and Methods: A communication-training program was provided to aides (n=20) in five nursing homes. Audio recordings of staff interacting with residents before and after training were transcribed, coded, and compared on features of elderspeak. Results: After the training aides reduced their use of elderspeak including terms of endearment, inappropriate collective pronouns, and shortened sentence length. In addition, the emotional tone of staff speech with residents was rated as less controlling and more respectful after the training while caring qualities were maintained. Speech rate did not change significantly. Conclusions and Implications: The brief educational program alerting aides to elderspeak and its potential negative effects was effective in reducing the use of elderspeak in aide-resident interactions. Future study will assess the effects of an improved communication environment on resident and staff outcomes. The ultimate goal is that brief communication-training will provide a feasible way to improve the quality of life for residents and staff.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:01:53Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:01:53Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.