A Comparative Study of Exercise Behaviors, Eating Behaviors, Serum Lipids, and Body Mass Index of Thai Adolescents: Urban and Rural Areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160555
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Comparative Study of Exercise Behaviors, Eating Behaviors, Serum Lipids, and Body Mass Index of Thai Adolescents: Urban and Rural Areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand
Abstract:
A Comparative Study of Exercise Behaviors, Eating Behaviors, Serum Lipids, and Body Mass Index of Thai Adolescents: Urban and Rural Areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Deenan, Aporn
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Faculty of Nursing, Chonburi, Thailand
Obesity among adolescents is a major health problem. About 11-24% of adolescents in the United States are overweight/obese and reported a decline in physical activity. Social change is claimed to be a major factor that contributes to being overweight/obese. Many studies revealed that the obesity rate is not only increasing in industrialized countries, but also in developing countries. With the transition from agriculture to industrialization, the Thai Ministry of Public Health reported that 16-20% of Thai students were overweight/obese, especially students in urban areas. The purposes of this study were to describe and compare eating and exercise behaviors and factors that influence these behaviors in Thai adolescents who live in urban and rural areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand (industrial-site development). Pender's Health Promotion Model constructs were measured including individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognitions and affects, and behavioral outcomes. One thousand and eighty six high-school students in urban and rural areas of the Eastern Seaboard completed the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, several adolescent exercise behavior questionnaires, and demographic questionnaires. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-tests. The results showed that 5% of adolescents on the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand were overweight/obese. Urban and rural adolescents were significantly different on a number factors. Rural adolescents were higher on optimism (p <.001), daily concerns (p <.001), family income (p <.05), and exercise role model (p <.05), whereas urban adolescents were higher on family members who were overweight/obese (p <.05) and exercise norms (p <.05). Suggestions for enhancing exercise behavior include developing interventions that promote optimism and provide exercise role models and exercise norms.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Comparative Study of Exercise Behaviors, Eating Behaviors, Serum Lipids, and Body Mass Index of Thai Adolescents: Urban and Rural Areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailanden_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160555-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Comparative Study of Exercise Behaviors, Eating Behaviors, Serum Lipids, and Body Mass Index of Thai Adolescents: Urban and Rural Areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Deenan, Aporn</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Faculty of Nursing, Chonburi, Thailand</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">apornd@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Obesity among adolescents is a major health problem. About 11-24% of adolescents in the United States are overweight/obese and reported a decline in physical activity. Social change is claimed to be a major factor that contributes to being overweight/obese. Many studies revealed that the obesity rate is not only increasing in industrialized countries, but also in developing countries. With the transition from agriculture to industrialization, the Thai Ministry of Public Health reported that 16-20% of Thai students were overweight/obese, especially students in urban areas. The purposes of this study were to describe and compare eating and exercise behaviors and factors that influence these behaviors in Thai adolescents who live in urban and rural areas of the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand (industrial-site development). Pender's Health Promotion Model constructs were measured including individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognitions and affects, and behavioral outcomes. One thousand and eighty six high-school students in urban and rural areas of the Eastern Seaboard completed the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, several adolescent exercise behavior questionnaires, and demographic questionnaires. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-tests. The results showed that 5% of adolescents on the Eastern Seaboard of Thailand were overweight/obese. Urban and rural adolescents were significantly different on a number factors. Rural adolescents were higher on optimism (p &lt;.001), daily concerns (p &lt;.001), family income (p &lt;.05), and exercise role model (p &lt;.05), whereas urban adolescents were higher on family members who were overweight/obese (p &lt;.05) and exercise norms (p &lt;.05). Suggestions for enhancing exercise behavior include developing interventions that promote optimism and provide exercise role models and exercise norms.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:03:24Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:03:24Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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