Effects of an in-Home Family Intervention on Subsequent Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Use

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160565
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of an in-Home Family Intervention on Subsequent Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Use
Abstract:
Effects of an in-Home Family Intervention on Subsequent Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Use
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Loveland-Cherry, Carol, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Michigan
Title:Professor and Associate Dean
Contact Address:School of Nursing, 400 North Ingalls Building, 1154 SNB, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-0482, USA
Contact Telephone:734.764.7188
This study demonstrates application of a developmental framework to analysis of patterns of alcohol use in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an intervention on adolescent alcohol use over time. Data analyzed are from two cohorts (A: N=473 and B: N=597) in a longitudinal study evaluating a home-based intervention and adolescent alcohol use and misuse. Based on an integration of social cognitive theory and problem behavior theory, this intervention was designed to enhance protective factors and minimize risk factors associated with alcohol use. A randomized pretest/posttest repeated measures design was used. Adolescents and their families were randomly assigned to either a three-session family intervention or a no intervention group. Pretest data collection and the intervention occurred when the adolescents were in 4th (cohort A) or 5th grade (cohort B), a booster was given in 7th grade, and posttest data collection was completed each year through 12th (cohort A) or 9th grade (cohort B). Using patterns identified by Steinman (2000) and Schulenberg et al (1996) as a guide, students were classified into six trajectories of alcohol use and misuse: (1) consistently high, (2) middle escalating, (3) high-school onset, (4) non-escalating (5) rare and (6) fling. Individuals' trajectories were examined as a function of demographics, child and parent variables, and participation in the intervention. Application of knowledge gained through this analysis can include tailored interventions for those who are most at risk based on family, demographic, and child factors as well as prior patterns of behavior.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of an in-Home Family Intervention on Subsequent Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Useen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160565-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of an in-Home Family Intervention on Subsequent Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Use</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Loveland-Cherry, Carol, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Michigan</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor and Associate Dean</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, 400 North Ingalls Building, 1154 SNB, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-0482, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">734.764.7188</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">loveland@umich.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">This study demonstrates application of a developmental framework to analysis of patterns of alcohol use in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an intervention on adolescent alcohol use over time. Data analyzed are from two cohorts (A: N=473 and B: N=597) in a longitudinal study evaluating a home-based intervention and adolescent alcohol use and misuse. Based on an integration of social cognitive theory and problem behavior theory, this intervention was designed to enhance protective factors and minimize risk factors associated with alcohol use. A randomized pretest/posttest repeated measures design was used. Adolescents and their families were randomly assigned to either a three-session family intervention or a no intervention group. Pretest data collection and the intervention occurred when the adolescents were in 4th (cohort A) or 5th grade (cohort B), a booster was given in 7th grade, and posttest data collection was completed each year through 12th (cohort A) or 9th grade (cohort B). Using patterns identified by Steinman (2000) and Schulenberg et al (1996) as a guide, students were classified into six trajectories of alcohol use and misuse: (1) consistently high, (2) middle escalating, (3) high-school onset, (4) non-escalating (5) rare and (6) fling. Individuals' trajectories were examined as a function of demographics, child and parent variables, and participation in the intervention. Application of knowledge gained through this analysis can include tailored interventions for those who are most at risk based on family, demographic, and child factors as well as prior patterns of behavior. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:03:58Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:03:58Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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