2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160579
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Care Behaviors among Patients with Heart Failure
Abstract:
Self-Care Behaviors among Patients with Heart Failure
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Artinian, Nancy, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Wayne State University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, 144 Cohn, 5557 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA
Contact Telephone:313.577.4143
Background: One way to avoid frequent hospitalizations and promote positive health outcomes among patients with heart failure (HF) is to ensure that the amount and quality of self-care used is appropriate to the patient's situation. Objectives: The purposes of this study were to: a) examine the frequency of performance of self-care behaviors, b) describe personal and environmental factors (basic conditioning factors (BCFs)) that affect self-care behaviors, and c) describe the relationship between the level of knowledge patients have to empower their performance of self-care and the actual performance of self-care behaviors. Methods: This descriptive correlational study was guided by Orem's theory of self-care. One hundred and ten (110) participants, predominantly African American, who were outpatients or inpatients ready for hospital discharge, >18 years of age, and diagnosed with HF that was confirmed by an ejection fraction of < 40%, were conveniently selected from one of two sites. Data were collected using two investigator-developed instruments; the Revised Heart Failure Self-Care Behavior Scale and the Heart Failure Knowledge Test. Descriptive statistics, correlational analyses, and t-tests for independent samples were used to analyze the data. Results: Three of the top 5 most frequently performed self-care behaviors were related to taking prescribed medications and the 5 least frequently performed self-care behaviors were concerned with symptom monitoring or management. There were no significant relationships between the total self-care behavior score and any of the BCFs, however, a number of significant relationships between BCFs and individual self-care behaviors were observed. There was a significant relationship between the mean total knowledge score and the total mean self-care score (r=.21, p=.026). Conclusion: In order to tailor interventions to the patient's situation, detailed information is needed about the influence of basic conditioning factors on the performance of specific heart failure self-care behaviors.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Care Behaviors among Patients with Heart Failureen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160579-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Self-Care Behaviors among Patients with Heart Failure</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Artinian, Nancy, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Wayne State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, 144 Cohn, 5557 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">313.577.4143</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">n.artinian@wayne.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: One way to avoid frequent hospitalizations and promote positive health outcomes among patients with heart failure (HF) is to ensure that the amount and quality of self-care used is appropriate to the patient's situation. Objectives: The purposes of this study were to: a) examine the frequency of performance of self-care behaviors, b) describe personal and environmental factors (basic conditioning factors (BCFs)) that affect self-care behaviors, and c) describe the relationship between the level of knowledge patients have to empower their performance of self-care and the actual performance of self-care behaviors. Methods: This descriptive correlational study was guided by Orem's theory of self-care. One hundred and ten (110) participants, predominantly African American, who were outpatients or inpatients ready for hospital discharge, &gt;18 years of age, and diagnosed with HF that was confirmed by an ejection fraction of &lt; 40%, were conveniently selected from one of two sites. Data were collected using two investigator-developed instruments; the Revised Heart Failure Self-Care Behavior Scale and the Heart Failure Knowledge Test. Descriptive statistics, correlational analyses, and t-tests for independent samples were used to analyze the data. Results: Three of the top 5 most frequently performed self-care behaviors were related to taking prescribed medications and the 5 least frequently performed self-care behaviors were concerned with symptom monitoring or management. There were no significant relationships between the total self-care behavior score and any of the BCFs, however, a number of significant relationships between BCFs and individual self-care behaviors were observed. There was a significant relationship between the mean total knowledge score and the total mean self-care score (r=.21, p=.026). Conclusion: In order to tailor interventions to the patient's situation, detailed information is needed about the influence of basic conditioning factors on the performance of specific heart failure self-care behaviors.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:04:46Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:04:46Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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