Discrepancies between Pre-Adoption Expectations and Post-Adoption Experiences for Parents of Children Adopted from International Institutional Care

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160777
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Discrepancies between Pre-Adoption Expectations and Post-Adoption Experiences for Parents of Children Adopted from International Institutional Care
Abstract:
Discrepancies between Pre-Adoption Expectations and Post-Adoption Experiences for Parents of Children Adopted from International Institutional Care
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2009
Author:Chesney, Mary, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Minnesota
Title:School of Nursing
Contact Address:5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA
Contact Telephone:612-625-1601
Co-Authors:M.L. Chesney, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN;
Researchers have identified specific risks related to institutional rearing during early childhood. These risks pose challenges for international adoption families. Yet, little is known about gaps between parents' pre-adoption expectations and their post-adoption experiences. Domestic special needs adoption researchers have found that adjustment problems and risk for adoption disruption are elevated when parents' experiences fail to match their expectations. Interventional research to help adoptive parents frame realistic expectations is hampered by lack of valid and reliable instrumentation. The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable self-report instrument that measures specific gaps between pre-adoption expectations and post-adoption experiences for parents who have adopted children from international institutional care. Pinderhughes' theory (1996), stressing the importance of adoptive parents' expectations and experience appraisals in the process of family adjustment, provided foundation for this instrument design and testing study. The study employed a three-phase cross-section, mailed survey design: 1) expert panel determination of content validity, 2) pilot study (n = 15) evaluation of face validity and feasibility, and 3) field test evaluation of instrument reliability and construct validity (n = 128 adoptive parents of 10 to 48 month-old children from international orphanages). The instrument, the Adoptive Parent Expectations-Experience Scale (APEES), exhibited adequate internal consistency and robust content, face, and construct validity and test-retest reliability. Through factor analysis, 18 items were grouped into five expectation-experience discrepancy subscales (child behavior, parenting demands, attachment, development, and child's physical health). There was positive association between parent expectation-experience discrepancies and parenting stress. Pre-adoption preparation was associated with decreased gaps between parents' expectations-experiences and exerted a mediating effect on the relationship between children's health, developmental, and socio-emotional status and parents' expectation-experience discrepancies. This study provided a valid and reliable instrument for future interventional research.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDiscrepancies between Pre-Adoption Expectations and Post-Adoption Experiences for Parents of Children Adopted from International Institutional Careen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160777-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Discrepancies between Pre-Adoption Expectations and Post-Adoption Experiences for Parents of Children Adopted from International Institutional Care</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chesney, Mary, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Minnesota</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">612-625-1601</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">chesn009@umn.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">M.L. Chesney, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Researchers have identified specific risks related to institutional rearing during early childhood. These risks pose challenges for international adoption families. Yet, little is known about gaps between parents' pre-adoption expectations and their post-adoption experiences. Domestic special needs adoption researchers have found that adjustment problems and risk for adoption disruption are elevated when parents' experiences fail to match their expectations. Interventional research to help adoptive parents frame realistic expectations is hampered by lack of valid and reliable instrumentation. The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable self-report instrument that measures specific gaps between pre-adoption expectations and post-adoption experiences for parents who have adopted children from international institutional care. Pinderhughes' theory (1996), stressing the importance of adoptive parents' expectations and experience appraisals in the process of family adjustment, provided foundation for this instrument design and testing study. The study employed a three-phase cross-section, mailed survey design: 1) expert panel determination of content validity, 2) pilot study (n = 15) evaluation of face validity and feasibility, and 3) field test evaluation of instrument reliability and construct validity (n = 128 adoptive parents of 10 to 48 month-old children from international orphanages). The instrument, the Adoptive Parent Expectations-Experience Scale (APEES), exhibited adequate internal consistency and robust content, face, and construct validity and test-retest reliability. Through factor analysis, 18 items were grouped into five expectation-experience discrepancy subscales (child behavior, parenting demands, attachment, development, and child's physical health). There was positive association between parent expectation-experience discrepancies and parenting stress. Pre-adoption preparation was associated with decreased gaps between parents' expectations-experiences and exerted a mediating effect on the relationship between children's health, developmental, and socio-emotional status and parents' expectation-experience discrepancies. This study provided a valid and reliable instrument for future interventional research.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:10:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:10:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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