"Spice of Life": Community-Dwelling Elders' Perceptions of the Meaning and Significance of Variety to their Lives

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160796
Type:
Presentation
Title:
"Spice of Life": Community-Dwelling Elders' Perceptions of the Meaning and Significance of Variety to their Lives
Abstract:
"Spice of Life": Community-Dwelling Elders' Perceptions of the Meaning and Significance of Variety to their Lives
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2009
Author:Jansen, Debra, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Title:Nursing
Contact Address:105 Garfield Avenue, P.O. Box 4004, Eau Claire, WI, 54702-4004, USA
Contact Telephone:715-836-5183
Co-Authors:D.A. Jansen, J. Hermsen, S. Druga, Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI;
Variety often is referred to as "the spice of life" and adds to the psychological well-being of people of various ages. As part of their conceptual framework, the psychologists Fiske and Maddi noted three primary functions of variety: 1) Assists with normal development and functioning; 2) serves as an end in itself, as it is sought after for its own sake; and 3) contributes to positive affect. For elders, changes in physical functioning, living situations, and roles with age may interfere with opportunities to experience variety, thereby negatively affecting psychological well-being. Much of the research related to variety has been done in the fields of consumer research and psychology. Despite presumably being important to the well-being of elders, variety is a concept that has not been well defined or explored in the nursing literature. The purposes of this study were to more fully ascertain the meaning and significance of variety to the lives of community-dwelling elders. Thirty-four community-dwelling elders (25 women, 9 men), ages 65-87 years (M = 71.6 years), were interviewed regarding their perceptions related to variety. Two content analyses were conducted to categorize the interview information for the meaning of variety and for the significance of variety. Seven categories emerged for the meaning of variety: A range of activities; spice of life?that which makes life enjoyable and interesting; not being patterned; relationships; experiencing new and different (not usually done) activities; openness to possibilities; and challenges. Nine categories emerged for the significance of variety: Contributes to mental health; makes life enjoyable and interesting; keeps people motivated and active; makes people happy; keeps people healthy and well; is necessary for life; creates concern for others and decreases self-absorption; keeps people mentally sharp and alert; and makes people interesting to others. These exploratory findings provide support for further investigation into the benefits of variety with larger, more diverse samples of community-dwelling elders. Information from this study may be useful to researchers and clinicians interested in designing and testing means of promoting functioning and well-being for elders.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.title"Spice of Life": Community-Dwelling Elders' Perceptions of the Meaning and Significance of Variety to their Livesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160796-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">&quot;Spice of Life&quot;: Community-Dwelling Elders' Perceptions of the Meaning and Significance of Variety to their Lives</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jansen, Debra, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">105 Garfield Avenue, P.O. Box 4004, Eau Claire, WI, 54702-4004, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">715-836-5183</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Jansenda@uwec.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">D.A. Jansen, J. Hermsen, S. Druga, Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Variety often is referred to as &quot;the spice of life&quot; and adds to the psychological well-being of people of various ages. As part of their conceptual framework, the psychologists Fiske and Maddi noted three primary functions of variety: 1) Assists with normal development and functioning; 2) serves as an end in itself, as it is sought after for its own sake; and 3) contributes to positive affect. For elders, changes in physical functioning, living situations, and roles with age may interfere with opportunities to experience variety, thereby negatively affecting psychological well-being. Much of the research related to variety has been done in the fields of consumer research and psychology. Despite presumably being important to the well-being of elders, variety is a concept that has not been well defined or explored in the nursing literature. The purposes of this study were to more fully ascertain the meaning and significance of variety to the lives of community-dwelling elders. Thirty-four community-dwelling elders (25 women, 9 men), ages 65-87 years (M = 71.6 years), were interviewed regarding their perceptions related to variety. Two content analyses were conducted to categorize the interview information for the meaning of variety and for the significance of variety. Seven categories emerged for the meaning of variety: A range of activities; spice of life?that which makes life enjoyable and interesting; not being patterned; relationships; experiencing new and different (not usually done) activities; openness to possibilities; and challenges. Nine categories emerged for the significance of variety: Contributes to mental health; makes life enjoyable and interesting; keeps people motivated and active; makes people happy; keeps people healthy and well; is necessary for life; creates concern for others and decreases self-absorption; keeps people mentally sharp and alert; and makes people interesting to others. These exploratory findings provide support for further investigation into the benefits of variety with larger, more diverse samples of community-dwelling elders. Information from this study may be useful to researchers and clinicians interested in designing and testing means of promoting functioning and well-being for elders.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:10:48Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:10:48Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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