Effect of Culturally Sensitive Intervention on Knowledge, Beliefs, and Mammography Use Among Korean American Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160801
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effect of Culturally Sensitive Intervention on Knowledge, Beliefs, and Mammography Use Among Korean American Women
Abstract:
Effect of Culturally Sensitive Intervention on Knowledge, Beliefs, and Mammography Use Among Korean American Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2009
Author:Kim, Jin, Ph.D. RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing
Title:Biobehavioral Health Science
Contact Address:845 S. Damen Ave (M/C 802), Chicago, IL, 60612, USA
Contact Telephone:312-413-4212
Co-Authors:J.H. Kim, U. Menon, Behavioral Health Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, IL;
Purpose: A quasi-experimental, pre- and post-test, two-group design study was conducted to test a theory-driven, culturally appropriate, targeted intervention. The intervention, titled GO EARLY Save Your Life, was specifically designed to promote mammography use by increasing breast cancer and screening knowledge and modifying beliefs (breast cancer-related and Korean cultural beliefs) among Korean American (KA) women. The intervention was guided by the integrated theoretical frameworks of the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM) and Health Belief Model (HBM). Methods: 180 KA women aged 40 years or older who had not had mammograms within the past 12 months completed baseline and two follow-up questionnaires (16 and 24 weeks post baseline). The intervention group (N = 90) received an interactive education focused on breast cancer, early screening guidelines, and beliefs (breast cancer-related and Korean cultural beliefs) based on the stages of mammography use (pre-contemplation, contemplation, or relapse). The control group (N = 90) completed questionnaires only, without receiving education. Results: Significant increases in mammography use between 16 and 24 weeks post-test within groups. Screening mammography use increased by 15% for the intervention group and 7% for the control group. No statistically significant intervention effect on mammography use between the intervention (34%) and control group (23%) at 24 weeks post baseline. The education was effective in increasing breast cancer knowledge and perceived benefits, and decreasing perceived barriers, fear, seriousness, fatalism, and traditional Korean preventive health orientation. Conclusion: The GO EARLY Save Your Life intervention was feasible and culturally sensitive to KA women, and can be replicated in other KA communities. A longitudinal study with more repeated measures of mammography use is needed to assess the further educational impact on mammography use and estimate the length of time that KA women need to follow through the steps for completion of mammography.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffect of Culturally Sensitive Intervention on Knowledge, Beliefs, and Mammography Use Among Korean American Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160801-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effect of Culturally Sensitive Intervention on Knowledge, Beliefs, and Mammography Use Among Korean American Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Jin, Ph.D. RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Biobehavioral Health Science</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">845 S. Damen Ave (M/C 802), Chicago, IL, 60612, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">312-413-4212</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jinhkim@uic.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">J.H. Kim, U. Menon, Behavioral Health Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, IL;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: A quasi-experimental, pre- and post-test, two-group design study was conducted to test a theory-driven, culturally appropriate, targeted intervention. The intervention, titled GO EARLY Save Your Life, was specifically designed to promote mammography use by increasing breast cancer and screening knowledge and modifying beliefs (breast cancer-related and Korean cultural beliefs) among Korean American (KA) women. The intervention was guided by the integrated theoretical frameworks of the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM) and Health Belief Model (HBM). Methods: 180 KA women aged 40 years or older who had not had mammograms within the past 12 months completed baseline and two follow-up questionnaires (16 and 24 weeks post baseline). The intervention group (N = 90) received an interactive education focused on breast cancer, early screening guidelines, and beliefs (breast cancer-related and Korean cultural beliefs) based on the stages of mammography use (pre-contemplation, contemplation, or relapse). The control group (N = 90) completed questionnaires only, without receiving education. Results: Significant increases in mammography use between 16 and 24 weeks post-test within groups. Screening mammography use increased by 15% for the intervention group and 7% for the control group. No statistically significant intervention effect on mammography use between the intervention (34%) and control group (23%) at 24 weeks post baseline. The education was effective in increasing breast cancer knowledge and perceived benefits, and decreasing perceived barriers, fear, seriousness, fatalism, and traditional Korean preventive health orientation. Conclusion: The GO EARLY Save Your Life intervention was feasible and culturally sensitive to KA women, and can be replicated in other KA communities. A longitudinal study with more repeated measures of mammography use is needed to assess the further educational impact on mammography use and estimate the length of time that KA women need to follow through the steps for completion of mammography.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:10:53Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:10:53Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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