Perimenopausal Women's Intended and Actual Behavioral Response to Bone Health Interventions

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160818
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Perimenopausal Women's Intended and Actual Behavioral Response to Bone Health Interventions
Abstract:
Perimenopausal Women's Intended and Actual Behavioral Response to Bone Health Interventions
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2009
Author:Olson, Ann, PhD Candidate, RN, FNP-BC, WHNP-BC
P.I. Institution Name:Winona State University
Contact Address:206 Michaelwood Drive, Winona, MN, 55987, USA
Contact Telephone:504-454-8436
Co-Authors:A.F. Olson, College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; A.F. Olson, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Winona State University, Winona, MN;
Background: Osteoporosis affects more than 10 million people. Eighty percent are women. Most research focuses on post-menopausal women. Few younger women receive bone density testing, and are unaware of their bone health despite rapid perimenopausal decline. Empiric data are needed to learn what motivates perimenopausal women to promote bone health and if test results influence positive behavioral changes leading to improved bone health. Purposes: 1) To determine DXA testing effects on outcomes of intention and behaviors immediately and two months after intervention. 2) To explore contributions of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control toward intentions and actual behaviors. Theoretical Framework: The Perimenopausal Bone Health Behaviors Model was created using Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) used in nursing research to explain and predict intention to perform behaviors in disease prevention studies and in health promotion program development. TPB constructs were Intention to engage in bone health behaviors via positive or negative Attitude, women's perception of social pressure (Subjective Norm), and perception ease/difficulty of performance (Perceived Behavioral Control). Methods/Study Design: A longitudinal repeated measures design used random assignment consigning 150 qualified women to comparison group (n=75; osteoporosis prevention information) or intervention group (n=75; information and DXA). Baseline demographic data was collected; the Prevention Intentions Questionnaire using TPB constructs was administered at baseline, two weeks, and two months after intervention. Behavioral outcome measurements were obtained at all time-points. Statistical testing used repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), correlation, and multiple regression. Final results are pending. Implications for Nursing: A broader understanding of factors that motivate women is needed to develop interventions that reduce current time delays before bone health is determined. Osteoporosis related costs significantly burden individuals, families, and society. The Perimenopausal Bone Health Behaviors Model may serve as a framework for research, health policy and clinical screening guidelines, and may impact nursing education and practice interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePerimenopausal Women's Intended and Actual Behavioral Response to Bone Health Interventionsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160818-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Perimenopausal Women's Intended and Actual Behavioral Response to Bone Health Interventions</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Olson, Ann, PhD Candidate, RN, FNP-BC, WHNP-BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Winona State University</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">206 Michaelwood Drive, Winona, MN, 55987, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">504-454-8436</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">aolson@winona.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">A.F. Olson, College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; A.F. Olson, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Winona State University, Winona, MN;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Osteoporosis affects more than 10 million people. Eighty percent are women. Most research focuses on post-menopausal women. Few younger women receive bone density testing, and are unaware of their bone health despite rapid perimenopausal decline. Empiric data are needed to learn what motivates perimenopausal women to promote bone health and if test results influence positive behavioral changes leading to improved bone health. Purposes: 1) To determine DXA testing effects on outcomes of intention and behaviors immediately and two months after intervention. 2) To explore contributions of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control toward intentions and actual behaviors. Theoretical Framework: The Perimenopausal Bone Health Behaviors Model was created using Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) used in nursing research to explain and predict intention to perform behaviors in disease prevention studies and in health promotion program development. TPB constructs were Intention to engage in bone health behaviors via positive or negative Attitude, women's perception of social pressure (Subjective Norm), and perception ease/difficulty of performance (Perceived Behavioral Control). Methods/Study Design: A longitudinal repeated measures design used random assignment consigning 150 qualified women to comparison group (n=75; osteoporosis prevention information) or intervention group (n=75; information and DXA). Baseline demographic data was collected; the Prevention Intentions Questionnaire using TPB constructs was administered at baseline, two weeks, and two months after intervention. Behavioral outcome measurements were obtained at all time-points. Statistical testing used repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), correlation, and multiple regression. Final results are pending. Implications for Nursing: A broader understanding of factors that motivate women is needed to develop interventions that reduce current time delays before bone health is determined. Osteoporosis related costs significantly burden individuals, families, and society. The Perimenopausal Bone Health Behaviors Model may serve as a framework for research, health policy and clinical screening guidelines, and may impact nursing education and practice interventions.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:11:10Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:11:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.