Tobacco Use Prevalence Rates Among 14 to 18 Year Old High School Students: Do Arab Americans Differ?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160907
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Tobacco Use Prevalence Rates Among 14 to 18 Year Old High School Students: Do Arab Americans Differ?
Abstract:
Tobacco Use Prevalence Rates Among 14 to 18 Year Old High School Students: Do Arab Americans Differ?
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2006
Author:Weglicki, Linda, PhD, MSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Wayne State University
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing - 368 Cohn, 5557 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA
Contact Telephone:313-577-5502
Co-Authors:Thomas Templin, PhD, Associate Professor and Virginia Hill Rice, PhD, RN
Problem: The NYRBS survey reports significant differences in prevalence of tobacco use by racial/ethnic groups; this did not include Arab/Arab Americans. This cultural group is of considerable interest because documented higher tobacco use in Arab adults puts their youth at risk. Theoretical Framework: The Adolescent Tobacco Use Model designed to identify moderating and mediating forces influencing tobacco use in adolescents guided this study. Methodology/Design: The purposes of this study were to (a) determine tobacco use (cigarette and narghile) in 1567 Arab/Arab Americans compared to 887 non-Arab 14 to 18 year olds, and (b) examine cultural and behavioral tobacco use practices. High school students completed a 21-item tobacco use behavior survey and a demographic questionnaire. Results: Sixty-four percent of the sample were Arab/Arab American, 23% Caucasian, 8% Hispanic, and 5% African American. Average age was 15.65 (SD = 1.18). Grades 9 through 12 were equally represented; 52% were male. Results included æever tired cigarettes' (27.5%,42.5%); æsmoked cigarettes in the past 30 days' (7.3%,22.8%); and æregular smoking' (3.8%,13.4%) for Arab and non-Arab youths, respectively. Each was significantly related to grade and ethnicity. Use of the narghile for Arab and non-Arab youths was (45.2%,18.7%); (18.7%,7.5%); and (10.2%,2.8%) for æever used,' æused in the past 30 days,' and æregular use,' respectively. Grade, ethnicity, and gender were significantly related to narghile use. Nine percent more males than females experimented with narghile. Interpretation: The extent to which customs surrounding narghile use predicted cigarette smoking was investigated by means of odds ratios, analysis of covariance, and logistic regression. Age, gender, and ethnicity correctly classified 85% of the smokers (Nagelkerke R square = .22). Relevancy: Results underscore the importance of assessing novel forms of tobacco use, particularly the narghile - a growing phenomenon in today's youth, as well as cigarettes in non-Arab as well as Arab/Arab American youth.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTobacco Use Prevalence Rates Among 14 to 18 Year Old High School Students: Do Arab Americans Differ?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160907-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Tobacco Use Prevalence Rates Among 14 to 18 Year Old High School Students: Do Arab Americans Differ?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Weglicki, Linda, PhD, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Wayne State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing - 368 Cohn, 5557 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">313-577-5502</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">lweglicki@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Thomas Templin, PhD, Associate Professor and Virginia Hill Rice, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Problem: The NYRBS survey reports significant differences in prevalence of tobacco use by racial/ethnic groups; this did not include Arab/Arab Americans. This cultural group is of considerable interest because documented higher tobacco use in Arab adults puts their youth at risk. Theoretical Framework: The Adolescent Tobacco Use Model designed to identify moderating and mediating forces influencing tobacco use in adolescents guided this study. Methodology/Design: The purposes of this study were to (a) determine tobacco use (cigarette and narghile) in 1567 Arab/Arab Americans compared to 887 non-Arab 14 to 18 year olds, and (b) examine cultural and behavioral tobacco use practices. High school students completed a 21-item tobacco use behavior survey and a demographic questionnaire. Results: Sixty-four percent of the sample were Arab/Arab American, 23% Caucasian, 8% Hispanic, and 5% African American. Average age was 15.65 (SD = 1.18). Grades 9 through 12 were equally represented; 52% were male. Results included &aelig;ever tired cigarettes' (27.5%,42.5%); &aelig;smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days' (7.3%,22.8%); and &aelig;regular smoking' (3.8%,13.4%) for Arab and non-Arab youths, respectively. Each was significantly related to grade and ethnicity. Use of the narghile for Arab and non-Arab youths was (45.2%,18.7%); (18.7%,7.5%); and (10.2%,2.8%) for &aelig;ever used,' &aelig;used in the past 30 days,' and &aelig;regular use,' respectively. Grade, ethnicity, and gender were significantly related to narghile use. Nine percent more males than females experimented with narghile. Interpretation: The extent to which customs surrounding narghile use predicted cigarette smoking was investigated by means of odds ratios, analysis of covariance, and logistic regression. Age, gender, and ethnicity correctly classified 85% of the smokers (Nagelkerke R square = .22). Relevancy: Results underscore the importance of assessing novel forms of tobacco use, particularly the narghile - a growing phenomenon in today's youth, as well as cigarettes in non-Arab as well as Arab/Arab American youth.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:12:42Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:12:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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